The major branch points on our shared paternal lineage trace back through genealogy, history, antiquity, and ancient anthropology to reach our early hominid ancestors who lived in Africa. Recent (terminal) branches may be as recent as ten generations old or several thousand years. Thus, they are an established way to trace the migrations of human populations from the earliest times to the present. The branches on the paternal tree are haplogroups. SNP markers on the Y-Chromosome define them. This page displays Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) SNP results for the project. It shows Y-DNA haplogroups and all SNP results both positive (derived) and negative (ancestral). A plus, +, sign denotes positive results. A negative, -, sign denotes negative results. You may learn more about Y-Chromosome SNPs on the Understanding Y-DNA SNP Results learning page.

Learn more about this page. This page displays project members' Y-DNA haplogroups and SNP results. Predicted haplogroups are in red, and confirmed haplogroups are in green.

* denotes a no call or heterozygous call.

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Kit Number Paternal Ancestor Name Short Hand Confirmed SNPs
335088 francis arbaugh d.1800 E-L117  
82965 John George Erbach, Niederselters, Limburg-Weilbur I-M253 M170+, M253+, M258+, M307+, P38+, P19+, P30+, P37-, M161-, P109-, P259-, L22-, Z58-, M72-, M26-, M21-, M223-, M227-
83109 Osterode am Harz(Schwiegershausen) I-M253 M253+
94647 Heinrich Friedrich Erbeck b 1790 I-M253 M253+
N63315 Adam Erbach, b. 1730, Hamburg, Germany I-M253  
100525   R-M198 M173+, M198+, M207+, SRY10831+, M124-, M157-, M343-, M56-, M87-
89582 Nicolaus ERBECK, b. 1672 d. 1739, Korle, Germany R-M269