Windham Family DNA Project - Results


(This page last updated 01 Jan 2011)

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NOTE: This 'Results' tab page can be used in conjunction with the 'Y-DNA Results' tab page. On the 'Y-DNA Results' tab page are Kit numbers, followed by abbreviated data on the 'most distant ancestor' for that Kit number, and followed by the DNA results for each Kit number. This 'Results' tab page serves to give additional or expanded information about each Kit number.


A few words about Haplogroups.......

You will notice that each Color Code Group is assigned a 'Haplogroup'. The Haplogroup is a genetic population group associated with early human migrations and which can today be associated with a geographic region. Stated another way, Haplogroups are, "Branches on the tree of early human migrations and genetic evolution. Haplogroups are defined by genetic mutations or 'markers' found in Y chromosome and mtDNA testing. These markers link the members of a haplogroup back to the marker's first appearance in the group's most recent common ancestor. Haplogroups often have a geographic relation." (Source: National Geographic Genographic Project glossary ) The Haplogroup designation for each of the following Color Code Groups was determined by DNA testing for participants of that Group. The 'Haplogroup' for a Color Code Group is a designation of from where that particular Color Code Group came, tens of thousands of years ago. The Haplogroup is not necessarily where that Color Code Group originated because if we go far enough back, say 150,000 years ago, we all originated from the same place. Geneticists and anthropologists, long ago, determined that all we humans have our origin in Africa. See a world map of human migrations(this map shows North Pole at center. Africa, harboring the start of the migration, is at the top left, South America at the far right and Australia is at the far lower left). Another map of human migration, with a slightly different but basically same perspective, shows the general area in Africa where humans originated 130,000 to 170,000 years ago and also shows migration routes taken by humans when the earth was being populated. Originating in Africa, maybe 150,000 years ago, humans migrated 'out of Africa' and to other parts of the world about 60,000 years ago. One group of these migrating peoples were established in Western Europe (France, England, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, etc) about 35,000 years ago. This Western Europe group of people has been designated by geneticists and anthropologists as being in 'Haplogroup R1b1'. This Haplogroup R1b1 is the Haplogroup of most (but not all) of the Windham Family DNA Project participants. Notice the Haplogroup of where each Color Code Group came from, maybe 20 thousand to 50 thousand years ago, but be aware that we all originated in Africa about 150,000 years ago. You will see from the migration maps that the continent of North America was settled by humans about 14,000 to 20,000 years ago when humans migrated to North America. It appears the migration route to North America was from the easternmost point of the Asian continent in present-day Russia across the Bering Strait into present-day Alaska and then continued to spread south into the North and South American continents. At that time, the migration route from the easternmost point of the Asian continent in present-day Russia across the Bering Strait into present-day Alaska was solid ice or tundra, so these early migrating humans probably 'walked' this migration route 14,000 to 20,000 years ago. All members of a haplogroup descend from a common distant ancestor. All members of a haplogroup descend from a common distant ancestor. (repeated twice for emphasis) Windham Family DNA participants who are in different Haplogroups cannot be related to DNA participants in other Haplogroups in the last thousands of years, but keep in mind that if we go back far enough, say 150,000 years ago, we are all related to each other.

A note about the 'contact person'.......

There is an email address for a 'contact person' listed following some of the Kit numbers. This is a person who has given permission for their email address to be listed here. It should NOT be assumed that the email address belongs to the male Windham who gave a DNA sample for that particular Kit number.





GROUP 01 Khaki Color

Haplogroup R1b1b2h
All participants in this Group 01 are believed to be in haplogroup R1b1b2h. Members of Haplogroup R1b1 first appeared in Western Europe around 35,000 years ago. For purposes of this explanation, 'Western Europe' largely means France, England, Ireland and the Iberian Peninsula (Iberia is, today, Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar). There is a preponderance of evidence that indicates that the immigrant ancestor of all eighteen (18) of the participants in the Khaki Color Group (these are one group of the Virginia Windhams) is Edward Windham who came to Virginia, British North America on the ship, John and Dorothy, in 1634. This Edward Windham (1608-1664) is the son of Thomas Wyndham (died 1631) and his wife, Susan Clere (1567-1620), both of Norfolk, England. The paper-trail lineage of this Edward Windham (1608-1664) goes back to this Thomas Wyndham and his wife, Susan Clere, then the lineage is traced back to John Wyndham (died 1475) who purchased Felbrigg Hall in 1450. Starting in 1530, successive kings and queens issued commissions to the kings of arms, under which they and their assisting heralds and pursuivants were to "visit" the various counties of England, determine who was using coats of arms, and ascertain the users' right to them. The notes of their findings, which necessarily include a good deal of genealogical information, were taken back to London and preserved in the records of the College of Arms. Starting in the mid-19th century, a number of private scholars and antiquarian societies obtained access to these records and published many of the results of the visitations. The best known series is that produced by the Harleian Society. The pedigree of Edward Windham (1608-1664) showing his descent from John Wyndham (died in 1475) of Crownthorpe and Felbrigg Hall in Norfolk, England and his wife, Margery Clifton, all the way down to Edward Windham (baptized 1612) is shown in two (2) of these ‘visitations’: (1)- The Visitation of Norfolk 1563, 1589, and 1613 by William Hervey (sometimes spelled Harvey) Clarenceux King of Arms and (2)- The Visitation of Norfolk 1664 by Sir Edward Bysshe, Knt. and Clarenceux King of Arms. Full source information for the two (2) visitations (which are proofs of Edward Windham lineage back to Felbrigg Hall, England) are: (1)- Walter Rye, editor, The Visitation of Norfolk, 1563, 1589, and 1613 (London, England: Harleian Society, Quintin Publications, 1891). The visitation of Norfolk, made and taken by William Hervey, Clarencieux King of Arms, anno 1563, enlarged with another visitation made by Clarenceux Cooke, with many other descents; and also the visitation made by John Raven, Richmond, anno 1613, pages 323, 324, and 325. and (2)- A. W. Hughes Clarke and Arthur Campling, editors, The Visitation of Norfolk, anno Domini 1664, Vol. 2 (M-Z) of 2 volumes (London, England: The Harleian Society, Quintin Publications, 1933-34). The Visitation of Norfolk, anno Domini 1664, was made by Sir Edward Bysshe, Knt., Clarencieux King of Arms, pages 246, 247, and 248. A record of this Windham family is recorded all the way back to about 1200-1300 England by the eminent Windham genealogist and Windham family historian, Amasa Benjamin Windham, Sr., in his 1947-48 publication of the Windham/Wyndham family and also recorded in the 1939 publication of A Family History 1410-1688, The Wyndhams of Norfolk and Somerset and the 1950 publication of A Family History 1688-1837, The Wyndhams of Somerset, Sussex and Wilshire, both books by The Hon. Hugh Archibald Wyndham.All nineteen (19) of the following DNA participants in the Khaki Color Group are proven by DNA testing to be related to each other. All nineteen (19) of the participants are indicated by DNA testings to be descended from this same Edward Windham who was born about 1608 in England and died in 1664 while on a trip back to England from his home in British North America.
Kit #18393 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person j.b.windham@cox.net
and
Kit #64310 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person dwindham@mindspring.com)
and

Kit #95437 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet))
and

Kit #143428 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet))
and

Kit #178946 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)
These five (5) participants who were tested in this color-coded group are descended from Samuel B. Windham. Samuel was born about 1769 in Virginia (probably in Southampton County). A preponderance of evidence indicates that Samuel B. Windham is the son of Eustace Windham (born est. 1725). Eustace Windham is a proven son of Edward Windham (born est. 1695). Edward Windham is a proven son of Reuben Windham (born est. 1678) who died late-1744 in Nottoway Parish, Isle of Wight County, Virginia.
Samuel B. Windham married about 1791 or early 1792 to Leah Blake, daughter of William Blake and his wife, Phanuel "Fanny" Hornsby. They probably married in Fairfield County, South Carolina. Samuel B. Windham and Leah Blake had the following children: (1)-Houston Windham born 1792 in Fairfield District, South Carolina, (2)-Thomas B. Windham born about 1798 in South Carolina, (3)-Page R. Windham born about 1800 in South Carolina, (4)-Mary 'Polly' Windham born about 1802 in Georgia, (5)-Harriet Mozelle Windham born about 1803 in Georgia, (6)-Benjamin B. Windham born about 1805 in Georgia, (7)-Phanuel Windham born about 1807 in Georgia, (8)-Aletha Ann Windham(not a proven child) born about 1810 in Georgia, (9)-John Darby Windham born 1816 in the Mississippi Territory, (10)-Andrew J. Windham born about 1817 in the Alabama Territory, and (11)-Charlotte 'Lottie' Windham born about 1820 in Alabama. Samuel B. Windham was listed in the 1830 Wilcox County, Alabama, census, the 1840 Newton County, Mississippi, census, and the 1850 Scott County, Mississippi, census. It is believed that Samuel B. Windham died sometime between 1850 and 1860 in Scott County, Mississippi. A grave marker has not been found. DNA participants #18393, #64310, and #178946 are are all three descended from the third (3rd) child, Page R. Windham who was born 1800 in South Carolina. Page R. Windham died shortly after 1880 probably in Madison County, Mississippi. DNA participant #95437 is descended from the ninth (9th) child, John Darby Windham born 1816 in the Mississippi Territory (present-day Alabama) and died 1898 in Callahan County, Texas. DNA participant #143428 is descended from the sixth (6th) child, Benjamin B. Windham born about 1805 in Jackson County, Georgia, and died in 1885 in Grand Bay, Mobile County, Alabama.


Kit #56134 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person mcadams@jps.net
and
Kit #57644 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person bsims@carolina.rr.com

These two participants are descendants of William Windham and his wife, Nancy. This William Windham was born about 1765. He was born in South Carolina. He moved from South Carolina to Eastern Tennessee sometime about the early 1790's. William Windham then moved, about 1804, from Eastern Tennessee to Warren County, Georgia, where a William Windham is listed on a land deed on 11 Apr 1804. He was paying taxes on 200 acres of land on Rocky Comfort Creek (a waterway which empties into the Ogeechee River) in Warren County, Georgia, in 1805 with a Parker being a adjoining landowner. After living in Warren County, Georgia, he moved to Autauga County, Alabama. Some children of William Windham and his wife, Nancy, were: (1)-Sarah Windham born about 1792, (2)-Edward Windham born about 1795, (3)-Stephen 'Steve' Windham born about 1802, (4)-Matthew Windham born about 1805, (5)-Jefferson Windham born about 1806, (6)-Elizabeth Windham born about 1808, (7)-Simeon Windham born about 1811. This William Windham likely died sometime about 1838 in Autauga or Coosa County, Alabama.

On 29 June 2006 in regard to a question about the relatedness of kit #s 18393, 54549, 56134, 57644, and 60381, Bennett Greenspan, President of Family Tree DNA of Houston, Texas, wrote the following:

"It does appear that 56134 and 57644 are more closely related to each other then they are to the other 3 men, however I think all 5 are related...the 11,17 at 385a/b is not common for R1b males and is distinctive enough that it acts to tie them together."
"For example only 105 men [JBW note: as of 12 Sep 2008 that number is 168] in our entire database share an 11,17, which 882 share an 11,16 and 5445 share an 11,15, and 22704 has an 11,14 so you can see how rare it is…also when I take the sample that is the furthers away from the Ancestral signature (my guess) and go out 1,2,3,4 or even 5 steps the only men are the kits that you have provided…so relatedness is not a real question for me here."
"The 57664 line does have more genetic variation then might be expected but whether these 5 are related, closely, is quite well established in my mind."
Best Regards
Bennett Greenspan
President

Family Tree DNA of Houston, Texas


Kit #54549 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person frawin@live.com

This participant is descended from Wiley Windham, born 10 Mar 1782, died 11 Feb 1842. Wiley Windham married Sarah 'Sallie' Rogers 26 Aug 1823 in Edgecombe County, North Carolina. Sarah 'Sallie' Rogers was the 2nd wife of Wiley Windham and one source states 'Rogers' was her married name and that she was first married to Levi Rogers of Edgecombe County, North Carolina. This same source states that Sarah's maiden name is Sarah Daniel and that she is the daughter of Joseph Daniel and his wife, Sarah Barnes. Both Wiley and his wife, Sallie, are buried at Panola Methodist Cemetery, Panola, Sumter County, Alabama, with grave markers. Some of the children of Wiley Windham are: (1)-Zachariah Windham born about 1808 in North Carolina. He married a cousin, Martha Windham, daughter of Lemuel Windham (see DNA participant #60381), (2)-Lucinda Windham born 2 May 1817 in North Carolina (1850 Kemper County, Mississippi, census has her birth year as 1820) died about 1860 Kemper County, Mississippi. Lucinda married 22 Dec 1842 to Thomas Gay, (3)-Delphia Windham born about 1820 in North Carolina, married Benjamin Gay. Delphia, with her husband Benjamin Gay, is listed in the 1850 Sumter County, Alabama, census. (4)-Elizabeth Windham, and (5)-James Irvin Windham born 14 Mar 1824 and died 22 Dec1872 in Sumter County, Alabama. He married Martha Elizabeth Baker. The first four of these children are believed to be by Wiley's first wife. One source states that Wiley's first wife was Susan Greer but that is unproven by this writer. At least one of these children, James Irvin Windham, was by Wiley Windham's second wife, Sarah 'Sallie'(Daniel?) Rogers.

Kit #60381 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person jjones@c-gate.net

This participant descends from Lemuel Windham who was born about 1785 in Virginia and died sometime between 1850 and 1860 in Newton County, Mississippi. This Lemuel Windham sometimes used the name 'Samuel', so his full name may have been Lemuel Samuel Windham. He is listed as 'Samuel Wyndham' in the 1850 Newton County, Mississippi, census but he is the same as Lemuel Windham. This Lemuel Windham married 22 May 1818 to Elizabeth Oliver in Cumberland County, North Carolina. This Lemuel Windham was listed in the 1840 Sumter County, Alabama, census. Lemuel Windham and Elizabeth Oliver had the following children: (1)-William Jackson 'Jack' Windham born 28 Apr 1819 and died 06 Jan 1878, married Caroline Matilda Jones, (2)-Elizabeth J. Windham, (3)-Peniah Windham born 25 Dec 1838, married Warren Booth, (4)-Martha Windham, married Zachariah Windham (see DNA participant #54549), (5)- James H. Windham born about 1825, married 1st Martha Crosby, married 2nd Martha Cornelia Ingram. Also there is unconfirmed information that his first wife was Margaret Plunkett, (6)-Archibald C. Windham born about 1835 and never married, (7)- Henry Windham (see DNA participant #61401) born about 1837 and married Margaret 'Maggie' E. Gardner, (8)- Amanda Windham born about 1837 and possibly married George W. Ingram, and (9)-Warren T. Windham born 04 Aug 1840, died 24 Feb 1911. He married Emily Jane Ingram. (mostly from the research of Justine Jones; some from the research of John B. Windham)

Kit #61401 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person cwindham@2fastmail.com

This participant descends from Henry Albert Windham who was born 10 Jun 1862 probably in Newton County or Kemper County, Mississippi, and died in 21 Nov 1913 in Dallas, Dallas County, Texas. He is buried in Cox Cemetery in Dallas, Texas. Henry Albert Windham is living in 1870 Homewood, Scott County, Mississippi, as the eight year old son of his mother, Margaret "Maggie" E. (Gardner) Windham. In this 1870 Homewood, Scott County, Mississippi, census Margaret 'Maggie' E. (Gardner) Windham is living with her four young Windham children in the household of her parents, William Wilfred Gardner and his wife, Mary Ann (Hunter) Gardner. William W. Gardner is listed as a physician in the 1870 Census of Scott County, Mississippi. He was also a minister. This William Wilfred Gardner family was living in Kemper County, Mississippi, for the 1850 census.
Henry Albert Windham (1862-1913) is likely a son of Henry Windham (b.1837-d.before 1870) (see DNA participant #60381), who is a son of Lemuel Windham (b.1785 VA-d.btw.1850 and 1860) and his wife Elizabeth Oliver of the 1850 census of Newton County, Mississippi, but this has not been positively proven. In 1880 Henry Albert Windham(1862-1913) is living in Milam County, Texas. In 1900 Henry Albert Windham (1862-1913) is living in Limestone County, Texas.

Kit #71256 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person just2ofus@centurytel.net
and
Kit #67680 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person SWind15443@aol.com and just2ofus@centurytel.net

These DNA participants are descended from Edward Windham who was born 18 February 1795. Although Amasa B. Windham, Sr., wrote in 1947-48 that Edward was born in South Carolina (see following) and although Edward's place of birth is listed as South Carolina in the 1850 Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, census, the writer believes it is more likely that he was actually born in east Tennessee. It is believed that Edward Windham married first to Luvina Camp and they had only one child, a daughter named Elmira Windham. Edward Windham married 2nd, 12 Jul 1824 to Mary 'Polly' Stone in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama. Edward Windham and Mary 'Polly' Stone are believed to have the following children: (1)-James Edward Windham born about 1825, (2)-Rachel Ann Windham born about 1826, (3)-Reuben Benjamin Windham born 1828, (4)-Henry F. Windham born about 1830, (5)-William J. Windham born about 1833, (6)-Nancy Windham born about 1836, (7)-Oliver F. Windham born about 1837, (8)-Elizabeth Windham born about 1840, (9)-Martha Windham born about 1842, (10)-Selina Windham born about 1844, (11)-David Windham born about 1846. In his 1947-48 publication (page 15 typed, page 21 written), Amasa B. Windham, Sr., the eminent Windham genealogist and Windham family historian, wrote the following:
"Edward Windham was born in South Carolina on February 18, 1795. With his brother Thompson Windham, he moved to Tuscaloosa County, Alabama, where they were settled sometime before 1824. They had much difficulty in holding the land on which they settled and they were beaten to the land office at Huntsville by others who jumped their claims. Both Edward and Thompson owned fairly large tracts of land in Tuscaloosa County at various times. On April 2, 1827 Edward bought 80 acres from Thompson; on August 15, 1835, Edward and his wife Mary, sold 100 acres to one P. Suddeth; on February 28, 1845, Thompson and Sarah, his wife, sold 39 acres to Edward and on December 14, 1855, Edward deeded to Reuben Benjamin, his son, 'in consideration of the love and affection I bear him'....the northeast quarter of the northeast quarter of section 4 township 19 range 12 west containing 40 acres more or less, also the southwest quarter of the southeast quarter 33 township 18 range 12 west, 40 acres more or less, also the southeast quarter of the northeast quarter of section 4 township 19 range 12 west, all in Tuscaloosa County, Ala." "Thompson (married Sarah _____) had a son Adolphus, who was progenitor of the South Alabama branch of the family." "Edward married Mary 'Polly' Stone on July 12, 1824. The wedding was performed by Thomas I. Wash, Justice of the Peace." "Among their children were Edward, Oliver, Patsy, William, David, Nancy, James, Reuben Benjamin and others, most of whom had issue"

Kit #71535 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person scoots43us@yahoo.com
and

Kit #132144 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)

This two (2) DNA participants are descended from John Windham who was born 05 Sep 1784 in South Carolina. This John Windham is listed in the 1850 Crawford County, Georgia, census as being age 65 and born in South Carolina and he has a wife named Elizabeth who was age 61 in 1850. He is said to have married Elizabeth James 11 Jul 1806 in Warren County, Georgia, but the writer has seen no proof that his wife's last name is 'James'. Although it is reported that Warren County, Georgia, was where they married, the writer knows of no proof of Warren County, Georgia, being their marriage place. There is, at least, one researcher who thinks Elizabeth's last name was 'Jones'. This John Windham (born 1784) had a large family. He and his wife Elizabeth had thirteen (13) children: (1)-Abel Windham born 28 May 1807 in Georgia, married first, Amy Gray on 04 Jun 1828 in Crawford County, Georgia, married second, Arminia Wainwright on 23 Dec 1849 in Crawford County, Georgia, (2)-Mary Windham born 05 Apr 1809 in Georgia, married Henry Theus on 15 Sep 1830 Crawford County, Georgia, (3)-Sarah Windham born 09 May 1811 in Georgia, (4)-William Windham born 25 Dec 1812 in Georgia, (5)-John Windham born 09 Apr 1815 in Georgia, married Sarah Emily Mosley on 18 Sep 1856 in Taylor County, Georgia, (6)-Aaron Windham born 20 Jul 1817 in Georgia, married first, Amanda M. Murphey on 26 May 1840 in Crawford County, Georgia, Aaron married second, Sarah E. Hall, Aaron married third, the widow, Mary 'Polly' Ann Jenkins (7)-Elizabeth Windham born 04 Oct 1819, married Aiden Wainwright, (8)-Nancy Windham born Jan 1821 in Georgia, (9)-James W. Windham born 08 Aug 1824 in Georgia, married Mary Jane Davis on 10 Jan 1854, (10)-Caroline Windham born 24 Oct 1826 in Georgia, (11)-Daisy Salina Windham born 26 Jan 1829 in Georgia, (12)-Martha A. Windham born 30 Nov 1832 in Georgia, and (13)-Francis Marion Windham born 09 Jul 1836 in Georgia, married Rebecca Ann Davis on 29 Oct 1867 in Taylor County, Georgia. (Source of information about these children: Joseph Warren Windham, Juliette, Georgia, at his website) DNA participant #71535 is descended from Aaron Windham who was born 20 Jul 1817 in Georgia and died 21 May 1896 in Catahoula Parish, Louisiana. Aaron Windham is believed to be (but not proven) the sixth child of John and Elizabeth Windham. Aaron Windham was listed in the census of 1840 Talbot County, Georgia; 1850 Marion County, Georgia; 1860 in the Evergreen Community, Conecuh County, Alabama; 1870 in Conecuh County, Alabama; and 1880 in Catahoula Parish, Louisiana. Aaron Windham is buried in the Belah Community, near Jena, in present-day LaSalle Parish, Louisiana (this area was formed from Catahoula Parish in 1910). This Aaron Windham married first, Amanda M. Murphey on 26 May 1840 in Crawford County, Georgia, he married second, Sarah E. Hall in 1870 in Conecuh County, Alabama, and he married for the third time on 12 Oct 1873 in Caldwell Parish to Mary 'Polly' Ann (----?----) Jenkins. (Mary was previously married to a Jenkins. Her maiden surname is not known to the writer) The ninth child of Aaron Windham and his wife, Amanda M. Murphey was John Drew Windham born 15 Apr 1856 in Georgia and he is the ancestor of DNA participant #71535. DNA participant #132144 is descended from Abel Windham born 28 May 1807, the first (1st) son of John Windham (born 1784) and his wife, Elizabeth James.


Kit #N67749 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)
and

Kit #129576 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)
Both these DNA participants are descended from William 'Bill' Windham born 1808 in early East Tennessee (probably Grainger County, Tennessee). He died in Shelby County, Texas, but his date of death is unknown. He is buried in Carroll Cemetery, Joaquin, Shelby County, Texas. He has a grave marker in this cemetery but there are no dates on the marker. William 'Bill' Windham married Jane Hardin who was born 1817 in Tennessee. William 'Bill' Windham is believed to be living in the household of his father (who was also named William Windham) in the 1820 and the 1830 Warren Counties, Tennessee, censuses. He is believed to be living in the household of his father (who was also named William Windham) in the 1840 Hamilton County, Tennessee, census. William 'Bill' Windham and his wife Jane Hardin are listed in the Warren County, Tennessee, 1850 Federal Census and the 1860 census of Shelby County, Texas. William 'Bill' Windham and Jane Hardin had eleven (11) children: (1)-Sarah Elizabeth Windham born 15 Jun 1840, (2)-Thomas H. Windham born 1843, (3)-Martha Elminor Windham born 28 Oct 1845, (4)-Louisa Jane Windham born 1846, (5)-Hannah Latricia Windham born 04 Feb 1847, (6)-James Prater Windham born 07 Jun 1849, (7)-John H. Windham born 23 Nov 1852, (8)-Philie Ann Windham born 03 Dec 1853, (9)- George Carpenter Windham born 12 Dec 1855, (10)-T.A. Windham (female) born 1856, (11)-Rufus Parks Windham born Sep 1858. Both DNA participants #N67749 and #129576 are descended from the seventh child, John H. Windham born 23 Nov 1852.

Kit #128027 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person windhampa@verizon.net

The most distant known ancestor of DNA participant #128027 is Reuben/Reubin Windham who was born 1805-15 (depending on which census record is used to determine his birth year). Almost certainly, Reuben Windham (born 1805-15) is the son of William Windham (born circa 1764) who filed for a Revolutionary War pension in 1841 Hamilton County, Tennessee, and he (Reuben Windham born 1805-1815) is a grandson of Reuben Windham who was living in the mid-1790s in Hawkins County, Tennessee. This mentioned Reuben Windham of 1795 Hawkins County, Tennessee, left a last will in 1795 Hawkins County, Tennessee, and died there about 1796. Reuben Windham (died 1796) of early east Tennessee, originally came from Virginia but he made a stop-over for a few years in Craven District, South Carolina before moving to east Tennessee probably in the late 1780s or early 1790s. Reuben Windham (born 1805-15) is the 3rd Great-Grandfather of DNA participant #128027. This Reuben Windham (born 1805-15) moved from Tennessee and was living in Shannon County, Missouri, by 1844. He was listed in the 1850 Shannon County, Missouri, census. In the censuses of 1860, 1870 and 1880, he was living in Dent County, Missouri. He likely died in Dent County, Missouri, but his place of death has not been proven by this writer. The 2nd Great-Grandfather of DNA participant #128027 is John Calvin Windham who was born in 1846 in Missouri. This John Calvin Windham (born 1846) moved to Richardson County, Nebraska, by 1885 when he married Margaret Prudy Carlton. John Calvin Windham was living in Lane County, Oregon, by 1900. He died in Lane County, Oregon in 1925.


Kit #129679 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person jjwindham@tds.net

This DNA participant (Kit #129679) descends from the early Nottoway Parish, Isle of Wight County, Virginia, Windhams who moved to Tyrrell County, North Carolina, from Virginia before 1750. From Tyrrell County, North Carolina, these Windhams moved to Pitt County, North Carolina, and then eventually they moved to Wilson, Wayne, Wake and Johnson Counties, North Carolina. Some of the North Carolina Windhams also later moved to other Southern States. The 1st Great-Grandfather of participant #129679 is William Windham born 1849 in Johnson County, North Carolina. This William Windham married in October 1869 to Elizabeth Raspberry who was born in 1849. This William is listed on the 1850 and the 1860 Johnston County, NC, censuses and the 1870 and 1880 censuses of Wilson County, North Carolina. The 2nd Great-Grandfather of DNA participant #129679 is John Windham who was born about 1795 probably in Pitt County, North Carolina. This John Windham (born about 1795) married Sarah who was born about 1817. John is listed in the 1850 Johnston County, North Carolina, census with his large family and his profession is listed as a carpenter in the 1850 census. This John Windham (born about 1795) appears to have died in the mid-1850s as his wife, Sarah, is listed alone, with their clildren in the 1860 Johnston County, North Carolina, census. The 3rd Great-Grandfather of DNA participant #129679 has not been proven but the writer believes that a good candidate for the father of the John Windham who was born about 1795, is the John Windham, age over 45 (making him born prior to 1755--how much prior, we don't know) who is listed as the head of household in the 1800 Pitt County, North Carolina, census. In this 1800 Pitt County, NC, census are listed one (1) male over 45 years old, one (1) female over 45 years old and one (1) male child under 10 years old. The 4th Great-Grandfather of DNA participant #129679 has not been proven but the writer believes that a good candidate for his 4th Great-Grandfather is the John Windham (born estimated 1715) who married in 1742 in Nottoway Parish, Isle of Wight, Virginia, to Elizabeth (Lundy?). This John Windham (born est.1715) had already moved from Virginia to Tyrrell County, NC, when he sold land in Southampton County, Virginia on December 3rd and December 4th 1750. The 5th Great-Grandfather of DNA participant #129679 is likely Reuben Windham who was born estimated 1678 in Nottoway Parish, Isle of Wight County, Virginia, and died about late-1744 in Nottoway Parish, Isle of Wight, Virginia.


Kit #165176 (Khaki Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)

The most distant known ancestor of participant #165176 is James Gilbert who was born about 1825 in Georgia. James' father (name unknown) was probably born in South Carolina. James Gilbert (b. ca.1825) is found in the 1850 Cherokee County, Georgia, federal census. James Gilbert, born ca.1825, moved from Cherokee County, Georgia, to DeKalb County, Alabama, by the 1860 federal census. For the 1870 federal census, James Gilbert, born about 1825, was listed in the 1870 Williamson County, Texas, census with his wife, Elizabeth, born in South Carolina. DNA participant #165176 has the Gilbert surname, not the Windham surname but Y-DNA testing proves beyond doubt that participant #165176 and the rest of Group 01 Khaki Color Group have a common Y-DNA ancestor. How distant that common ancestor is.......we do not know. It could be fairly recent or it could be hundreds of years ago. It even could be before the usage of surnames which was about 1100-1200 A.D. in England. (Source of this information: Jane Gilbert)




GROUP 02 Green Color

Haplogroup R1b1b2
All participants in this Group 02 are believed to be in haplogroup R1b1b2. Members of Haplogroup R1b1 first appeared in Western Europe around 35,000 years ago. For purposes of this explanation, 'Western Europe' largely means France, England, Ireland and the Iberian Peninsula (Iberia is, today, Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar). For many years in the past, prior thinking has been that all the Windhams of the Darlington District/County, South Carolina, area were descended from Charles Windham born estimated 1709 and then many, if not all, these Darlington District/County Windhams were descended from Charles’ son, Major Amos Windham, of Revolutionary War fame. With the new advent of DNA testing, we are now able to begin to prove or disprove this theory. We have a group of DNA participants who are descended from the Darlington District Windhams and some of these participants do not, yet, have a paper-trail lineage back to Major Amos Windham. However, a recent new DNA participant (#132642) does have a firm paper-trail lineage back to Major Amos Windham and he does match DNA with these other DNA participants in Group 02 (Green Color Group) who do not yet have a paper-trail back to Major Amos Windham. This proves that all these DNA participants in this Group 02 (Green Color Group) are Y-DNA biologically related to each other. Using their DNA test results, all these DNA participants of Darlington Windhams (including the ones who do not yet have a paper-trail back to Major Amos Windham and the one (#132642) who does have a paper-trail back to Major Amos Windham) are placed in Group 02 (Green Color Group). We have a group (#72039, #54815, and #132581) of DNA participants who are descended from the Darlington District Windhams and all three (3) of these participants does have a firm paper-trail lineage back to Major Amos Windham. Using their DNA test results, this group of Darlington Windhams are placed in Group 06 (Orange Color Group). Important......There is a conflict! These two different groups (Group 02 and Group 06) do not match in Y-DNA and the probability that they shared a common ancestor within the last 12 generations (300 years) is only 2.16%. (Source: FTDNATiP™ calculations by Family Tree DNA of Houston). The DNA test results indicate that these two different groups (Group 02 and Group 06) probably are not related (this is...do not have a common ancestor) in the last thousands of years. The writer takes this to mean that some Darlington District Windhams are biologically descended by Y-DNA from Major Amos Windham and some Darlington District Windhams are not biologically descended by Y-DNA from Major Amos Windham. Unfortunately, it is not known which of the two Groups (Group 02 Green Color Group or Group 06 Orange Color Group) are the true, biological, Y-DNA descendants of Major Amos Windham.
Kit #45023 (Green Color Group) -->Contact person Windhhg@aol.com
and

Kit #58330 (Green Color Group) -->Contact person Rneluv@npgcable.com
These two (2) participants are descended from John Windham, Jr. This John Windham, Jr., was born about 1785 in Cheraw District, South Carolina, in that part that later became Darlington County, South Carolina. He married Virginia Jane Bartlett 11 Feb 1808 in Darlington District, South Carolina. Many years ago, Eustus Howard Hayes wrote that he married Virginia Mixon, the name 'Mixon' has not been confirmed and it is documented by a bounty land application that her maiden name was 'Bartlett'. This John Windham, Jr., died 04 Jan 1836 in Dale County, Alabama, and is believe to be buried in Windham Cemetery, near Ewell, Dale County, Alabama, although there is no grave marker in that cemetery for him. John Windham and Virginia Jane Bartlett had the following children: (1)-Anthony Windham, born about 1810 and died in Shelby County, Texas on 17 Jul 1895 where he is buried in Mt. Pleasant Cemetery. He married three times, first to Mary Bright Bizzell, he married second to Hepsibah 'Hepsey/Epsey' Flowers and he married third to Martha A. McMurray, (2)-William Pierson Windham born 11 Sep 1810 and died 28 May 1892 in Newton County, Texas and is buried in Bleakwood Cemetery. He married first, Mary Priscilla Mims and he married second, Sarah 'Sallie' Elizabeth Lee, (3)-Samuel Windham born 3 Sep 1813 and died 03 Dec 1890 and is buried in Mt. Zion Cemetery, Ewell, Dale County, Alabama. Samuel married Elender Dupree Woodham, (4)-Zilphia Windham born 05 Sep 1819 in Darlington District, South Carolina, and died 28 Feb 1896 in Henry County, Alabama. Zilphia married Curtis Forby Truett, (5)-Celia Inatha Windham born 1819 who married Benjamin Gordon Peacock, (6)-Hester Jean Windham born about 1821 and died 12 Jan 1891. Hester Jean married James Joshua Mims, (7)-Thomas Windham born 24 Aug 1823 and died 18 Mar 1892. Thomas married first on 01 May 1844 to Mary Ann Peacock. Mary Ann Peacock was about age 13 or 14 when she married Thomas Windham (source: 1850 Dale County, Alabama, census). Mary Ann Peacock died at a young age probably about 1853. Thomas Windham married second about 1856 to Sarah Jane Smith, (8)-Theodocia 'Docie' Windham born about 1826 and died 03 Sep 1900. Theodocia married Green Berry Whaley, (9)-Elizabeth Ann Windham born 03 Dec 1831. She married Charles Lewis. (some of this data is from the research of Harry Windham; some is from the research of John B. Windham; some is from the research of Eustus Howard Hayes of Ozark, Dale County, Alabama; some from research of Craig H. Kisabeth) DNA participant #45023 (mentioned above) is descended from John Windham, Jr.'s, 3rd child (above), Samuel G. Windham born 1813 and his wife, Elender Dupree Woodham born 1817. DNA participant #58330 (mentioned above) is descended from the #1 child (above), Anthony Windham born 07 Jan 1810 and his wife, Hepsibah 'Hepsey/Epsey' Flowers. Then, DNA participant #58330 is descended from John Anthony Windham born 15 Aug 1854 in Barbour County, Alabama, and his wife, Frances 'Fanny' Martha Andrews born 19 Mar 1854 in Dale County, Alabama. The writer believes that the parents of this John Windham, Jr. (born about 1785, died 1836), are 'Old' John Windham, Sr, and his first wife, (name unproven but believed to be 'Sarah' or 'Sallie') of Cheraw District, South Carolina, which in 1785 became Darlington District, South Carolina. The writer believes that James Windham born circa 1784 who married Nancy Reynolds, John Windham born circa 1785 who married Jane Bartlett, Amos Windham born circa 1796 who married Sarah 'Sallie' Reynolds, and Rachel Windham born 28 June 1807 who married Elijah Reynolds, are all four, siblings to each other. James Windham born circa 1784 and John Windham, Jr., born circa 1785 are likely sons of 'Old' John Windham, Sr., by his first wife who appears to have died prior to 1790 in Darlington District, South Carolina. Amos Windham born circa 1796 and Rachel Windham born 1807 are likely children of 'Old' John Windham, Sr., by his second wife, Rachel Windham, born 1764 and died 1858 in Dale County, Alabama. This would make Amos Windham (born circa 1796) and Rachel Windham (born 1807) half-siblings to James Windham (born circa 1784) and John Windham, Jr., (born circa 1785). 'Old' John Windham, Sr., was born estimated 1740 and died in November 1830 probably in Darlington District, South Carolina, where his estate was probated. The declaration record for Revolutionary War bounty land that 'Old' John's second wife Rachael Windham completed, indicates that 'Old' John died in Dale County, Alabama, but that seems unlikely due to his estate being probated in Darlington District, South Carolina. He was a Revolutionary War soldier from South Carolina, serving under Captain George King. The assumption that ‘Old’ John Windham was a Revolutionary War soldier is based strictly on the 28 May 1856 declaration (the writer has a copy of this record) by widow, Rachael Windham, for the purpose of obtaining bounty land which she may have been entitled for 'Old' John Windham's Revolutionary War service. Confirmation of 'Old' John Windham's actual Revolutionary War service has not been made by the writer.

Kit #80319 (Green Color Group) -->Contact person (none yet)

This DNA participant #80319 is descended from Amos Windham who was born about 1789 to 1796 in Darlington District, South Carolina. The 1860 Darlington Co., SC, census indicates Amos was born in 1789. His grave marker at Zion Methodist Cemetery, Lamar, Darlington County, South Carolina, indicates that he was born in 1796. There is a death year of 1854 on Amos Windham's Zion Cemetery grave marker, however this engraved death year is incorrect. Apparently this grave marker was placed there many years after his death when the death year was incorrectly engraved on the stone. Amos Windham died 20 Feb 1871 as is proven by his War of 1812 pension application with the information given by his wife, Sallie Reynolds Windham. This Amos Windham married Sarah 'Sallie' Reynolds who was a sister of Nancy Reynolds who married James Windham (born about 1784). Both Sarah 'Sallie' Reynolds and Nancy Reynolds are daughters of William and Mary Reynolds of Darlington District, South Carolina. Amos Windham and Sarah 'Sallie' Reynolds married 20 Oct 1813 (marriage date from War of 1812 pension application) in Darlington District, South Carolina, and they had the following known children: (1)-John J. Windham has a (conflicting) birth year of 1811 and he died 30 Apr 1880. He married Sara Tabitha Reynolds. (2)-Abraham 'Abram' Windham born 18 Dec 1828 (he has a conflicting recorded birth year of 1824) and died 04 Mar 1858. He married Penelope 'Penny' Spires. (3)-Mahala Windham was born 22 Apr 1833 and died 03 Nov 1919. Mahala married cousin, John Wesley 'Barney' Windham. (4)-Sarah M. Windham was born 23 Sep 1839 and died 23 May 1917. Sarah married J. W. Freeman. (5)-Adeline Windham was born 25 Aug 1843 and died 28 Oct 1918. Adeline married James M. Pierce. (6)-Elizabeth Windham born estimated 1849. Elizabeth married (--?--) Pop(e)well. DNA participant #80319 is descended from #2 child, Abraham 'Abram' Windham. The writer believes that the parents of this Amos Windham, are 'Old' John Windham, Sr, and his second wife, Rachel Windham, of Darlington District, South Carolina. The writer believes that James Windham born circa 1784 who married Nancy Reynolds, John Windham born circa 1785 who married Jane Bartlett, Amos Windham born circa 1796 who married Sarah 'Sallie' Reynolds, and Rachel Windham born 28 June 1807 who married Elijah Reynolds, are all four, siblings to each other. James Windham born circa 1784 and John Windham, Jr., born circa 1785 are likely sons of 'Old' John Windham, Sr., by his first wife who appears to have died prior to 1790 in Darlington District, South Carolina. Amos Windham born circa 1796 and Rachel Windham born 1807 are likely children of 'Old' John Windham, Sr., by his second wife, Rachel Windham, born 1764 and died 1858 in Dale County, Alabama. This would make Amos Windham (born circa 1796) and Rachel Windham (born 1807) half-siblings to James Windham (born circa 1784) and John Windham, Jr., (born circa 1785). 'Old' John Windham, Sr., was born estimated 1740 and died in November 1830 probably in Darlington District, South Carolina, where his estate was probated. The declaration record for Revolutionary War Bounty land that 'Old' John's second wife Racheal Windham completed, indicates that 'Old' John died in Dale County, Alabama, but that seems unlikely due to his estate being probated in Darlington District, South Carolina. He was a Revolutionary War soldier from South Carolina, serving under Captain George King. The assumption that ‘Old’ John Windham was a Revolutionary War soldier is based strictly on the 28 May 1856 declaration (the writer has a copy of this record) by widow, Rachael Windham, for the purpose of obtaining bounty land which she may have been entitled for 'Old' John Windham's Revolutionary War service. Confirmation of 'Old' John Windham's actual Revolutionary War service has not been made by the writer.

Kit #84396 (Green Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)

The 1st Great Grandparents of participant #84396 appears (but is not proven) to be John W. Windham born about 1845 according to the 1850 Dale County, Alabama, census and his wife, Nancy C. Other census records has John W. Windham's date of birth anywhere from 1830 to 1849 but this writer believes 1845 is the most correct birth year. For more information on this family, see the censuses of 1850 Dale County, Alabama, 1860 Newton, Dale County, Alabama, 1870 Ozark, Dale County, Alabama, 1880 Daleville, Dale County, Alabama, 1900 Newton, Dale County, Alabama, 1910 Piney Grove, Geneva County, Alabama, and 1920 Piney Grove, Geneva County, Alabama. It seems likely to the writer that John W. Windham was born between 1843 and 1845 in Dale County, Alabama, to his father, James R. Windham (born about 1805 South Carolina) and wife, Arretta/Ahrita/Ritty. This would mean that James R. Windham born about 1805 South Carolina is likely the 2nd great grandfather of DNA participant #84396. The parents of James R. Windham are James Windham born between 1780 and 1790 and wife, Nancy Reynolds, of Darlington County, South Carolina. (Source: research of John B. Windham)

Kit #81880 (Green Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)

This DNA participant #81880 is a descendant of James Windham who was born about 1784 in Cheraw District, South Carolina, in the area that later became Darlington County, South Carolina. This James Windham (born about 1784-died about 1867) married Nancy Reynolds. Kit #81880 participant is descended through James Windham's son, Amos Ken(n)edy Windham who was born about 1825 in Darlington District, South Carolina, and died in March 1862 in Darlington District, South Carolina. This Amos Ken(n)edy Windham married Annie (----?----). Both Amos Ken(n)edy Windham and his wife Annie are buried with grave markers in Windham Cemetery, just north of Lamar, Darlington County, South Carolina. This fenced-in Windham Cemetery is located within eye-sight of Windhamtown Road (county hwy. 131) and about one-quarter mile, north, in a pasture, off Windhamtown Road (hwy. 131) in Darlington County, South Carolina. This Windham Cemetery is on Windhamtown Road (county hwy. 131) about one-half mile west of the crossover of Interstate 20 Highway. James Windham was born about 1784 (the 1860 Darlington Co., SC, census was used to determine his birth year) in Cheraws District, South Carolina, in the area that in 1785 become Darlington District, South Carolina. James married about 1802 to Nancy Reynolds, daughter of William and Mary Reynolds. This Mary Reynolds may have been a Windham before her marriage to William Reynolds but that has not been positively proven, yet. Some have said that this James Windham moved to Dale County, Alabama, but the writer has found no evidence that this James Windham moved to Dale County, Alabama. Lacking proof to the contrary, it appears that he lived his entire life in Darlington County, South Carolina. This James Windham probably died in 1867 and he probably died in Darlington County, South Carolina, where his last will was probated on 28 Dec 1867. The burial place of James Windham (ca1784-1867) is not known. Some researchers (including the writer) think he is likely buried in the Newman Swamp Methodist Church Cemetery west of Lamar, Darlington County, South Carolina, but there is no grave marker in that cemetery for him. This James Windham was a gospel preacher and preached at Newman Swamp Methodist Church, therefore, it is likely that he would be buried there, but we do not know, for sure. In recent years, many researchers and Windham descendants have been mistaken in thinking that James Windham (ca1784-1867) is buried at the fenced-in Windham Cemetery in the cow-pasture just off Windhamtown Road (hwy. 131), north of Lamar, Darlington County, South Carolina. There is a 'memorial' marker in this Windham Cemetery off Windhamtown Road, placed there over 100 years after James Windham's death by a good-intentioned descendant to serve as a remembrance of James Windham (ca1784-1867). This 'memorial' monument should not be mistaken for a grave stone, marking the place of James Windham's burial. Unfortunately there are some confused Windham researchers who have observed this recently placed memorial and have passed-on the untrue rumor that James Windham is buried at this spot. The children of James Windham and his wife, Nancy Reynolds are: (1)-William Windham possibly born about 1804--This may be (but it is not proven) the 56 year-old listed in the 1860 Darlington County, South Carolina, census, (2)-James R. Windham born about 1807 according to the 1860 Dale County, Alabama, census, (3)-Daniel G. Windham born about 1809 according to the 1850 Dale County, Alabama, census. Daniel G. Windham married Elizabeth and they moved to Dale County, Alabama, (4)-Eli W. Windham born about 1812 according to the 1860 Darlington County, South Carolina, census, (5)-Mary A. Windham born about 1815 according to the 1850 Darlington County, South Carolina, census. She married Jarrot Watford, (6)-John Wesley Windham born about 1820 according to the 1860 Darlington County, South Carolina, census, (7)-Sarah E. Windham born about 1822 according to the 1860 Darlington County, South Carolina, census. She married Jesse Watford, (8)-Amos Ken(n)edy Windham born 1825 and married Annie, (9)-Thomas W. Windham born 1832 according to the 1860 Darlington County, South Carolina, census. Thomas W. Windham never married and he is listed as a person with limited mental capabilities in the 1860 Darlington County, South Carolina, census. James Windham's wife, Nancy Reynolds, was not mentioned in James' 23 Feb 1856 last will, therefore, it is assumed that she had died sometime prior to 23 Feb 1856. (James' children information is from James Windham's signed will, dated 23 Feb 1856 and from various census records researched by John B. Windham) The writer believes that the parents of this James Windham are 'Old' John Windham, Sr, and his first wife, (name unproven but believed to be 'Sarah' or 'Sallie') of Cheraw District, South Carolina, which in 1785 became Darlington District, South Carolina. The writer believes that James Windham born circa 1784 who married Nancy Reynolds, John Windham born circa 1785 who married Jane Bartlett, Amos Windham born circa 1796 who married Sarah 'Sallie' Reynolds, and Rachel Windham born 28 June 1807 who married Elijah Reynolds, are all four, siblings to each other. James Windham born circa 1784 and John Windham, Jr., born circa 1785 are likely sons of 'Old' John Windham, Sr., by his first wife who appears to have died prior to 1790 in Darlington District, South Carolina. Amos Windham born circa 1796 and Rachel Windham born 1807 are likely children of 'Old' John Windham, Sr., by his second wife, Rachel Windham, born 1764 and died 1858 in Dale County, Alabama. This would make Amos Windham (born circa 1796) and Rachel Windham (born 1807) half-siblings to James Windham (born circa 1784) and John Windham, Jr., (born circa 1785). 'Old' John Windham, Sr., was born estimated 1740 and died in November 1830 probably in Darlington District, South Carolina, where his estate was probated. The declaration record for Revolutionary War bounty land that 'Old' John's second wife Rachael Windham completed, indicates that 'Old' John died in Dale County, Alabama, but that seems unlikely due to his estate being probated in Darlington District, South Carolina. He was a Revolutionary War soldier from South Carolina, serving under Captain George King. The assumption that ‘Old’ John Windham was a Revolutionary War soldier is based strictly on the 28 May 1856 declaration (the writer has a copy of this record) by widow, Rachael Windham, for the purpose of obtaining bounty land which she may have been entitled for 'Old' John Windham's Revolutionary War service. Confirmation of 'Old' John Windham's actual Revolutionary War service has not been made by the writer.

Kit #67667 (Green Color Group) -->Contact person jason@socomp.com
and
Kit #88971 (Green Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)

DNA participants #67667 and #88971 are descended from Daniel W. Windham (born ca.1794 South Carolina) and his wife, Permelia/Pamelia. This Daniel W. Windham was born in South Carolina according to census records. This Windham family appears to have been living in Hill District of Baldwin County, Georgia as early as 1810 (Source: research of John B. Windham). Daniel Windham was living in Twiggs County, Georgia, in 1818 with his brothers, Willis Windham and Robert Windham (Source: research of John B. Windham). Also living in 1818 Twiggs County, Georgia, was a John Windham. Probably this John Windham is closely related to Daniel W. Windham, maybe a brother, or maybe Daniel's father. Daniel W. Windham (born 1794) was living in Perry County, Mississippi, in 1820; living in Covington County, Mississippi, in 1822; living in Jones County, Mississippi, in 1827 and 1830; and living in Jasper County, Mississippi, in 1840 and 1850. He probably died in Jasper County, Mississippi, sometime shortly after the 1850 census. The name of the father of Daniel W. Windham (born about 1794 in SC) is not positively known to the writer but the writer has some clues to his identity. There is reason to believe that Daniel W. Windham's mother is named 'Dolly' Windham (Source: research of John B. Windham). Using DNA testing and research by John B. Windham, it is certain that the father of Daniel W. Windham lived in Darlington District, South Carolina. The writer believes this Windham family migrated from Darlington County, South Carolina, to Georgia sometime before 1810. Daniel's father was probably with Daniel in 1818 Twiggs County, Georgia, and 1820 Perry County, Mississippi. This Daniel W. Windham (born ca.1794) is a brother of G. Willis Windham (born ca.1787), the ancestor of DNA participant #40446. The writer believes that, in addition to G. Willis Windham, there may also be other brothers named Robert Windham (born about 1790) and John Windham (date of birth not known). Daniel W. Windham (born ca.1794 South Carolina) and his wife, Permelia/Pamelia, are believed to have the following children: (1)-Jared Madison Windham born about 1815 in Georgia. He married Emily/Emma Ulmer, (2)-Jefferson W. Windham born about 1818 in Georgia. He married 1st to Deliha Annie Jernagen and married 2nd to Jane (maiden surname unknown), (3)-Jackson Houston Windham born about 1820 in Mississippi. He married Mary Allen, (4)-James Madison Windham born 15 Dec 1823 and married Martha M. Ainsworth, (5)-Daniel W. Windham born about 1825 in Mississippi, (6)-Sylvester P. Windham born about 1828, (7)-Caroline Windham born about 1829, (8)-Missouri Windham born about 1832, (9)-Albert C. 'Pope/Polk' Windham born about 1833 and married 1st Courtney Allen, married 2nd Amanda Stringer, (10)-Frances Windham (a female) born about 1834, and (11)-Lucinda Windham (a female) born about 1836. She married 1st George Caldwell and married 2nd Lovinsky Taylor. (Source of Daniel W. Windham's children: some information from the research of John B. Windham; some information from the research of Thelma and Julious Windham) DNA participant #67667 is descended from the second (2nd) child, Jefferson W. Windham who was born about 1818. DNA participant #88971 is descended from the ninth (9th) child, Albert C. 'Pope/Polk' Windham who was born about 1833.

Kit #10774 (Green Color Group) -->Contact person ghertzl@sbcglobal.net
and
Kit #146766 (Green Color Group) -->Contact person ghertzl@sbcglobal.net

The surname of both participant #10774 and participant #146766 is Jordan, not Windham. These two Jordan surname participants are being included on our Windham Family DNA Project because they match the Green Color Group Windhams. This means these Jordans are Y-DNA related to the Windhams, but just how, we do not know, yet. DNA participants #10774 and #146766 are descended from Robert S. Jordan born 22 May 1864 and died 15 Sep 1927 in Cookson, Cherokee County, Oklahoma. It is not known, for sure, where he was born but it is believed he was born somewhere in Indiana, maybe near Terre Haute, Indiana. He said he left home when he was about age 14, which would be about 1878, and struck-out on his own because he was unhappy at home because his step-mother was mistreating him. He had a brother, Joshua, who "came with him as far as the river, then turned around and went back home". Robert S. Jordan married Ella L. Spencer in Noel County, Missouri, on 10 Feb 1889. They had the following children: 1- Richard Samuel Jordan born 14 Nov 1889 McDonald County, Missouri, 2- Henry Eslie Jordan born 01 Dec 1892 Sulphur Springs, Arkansas, 3- Martha A. Jordan born 13 May 1895 Arkansas, 4- Minnie V. Jordan born 30 Aug 1897 Indian Territory, 5- Lou Ella Jordan born 10 Dec 1899 Texas, 6- Bertha P. Jordan born 31 Jul 1902 Indian Territory, 7- Ruth Jordan born 29 Jul 1904 Indian Territory, 8- Ollie Jordan born 08 Dec 1906 Muskogee, Indian Territory, 9- Rebecca Leona Jordan born 03 Sep 1909, 10- Robert Spencer Jordan born 15 Jun 1911 Linder, Cherokee County, Oklahoma, 11- Hazel Lee Jordan born 03 Jul 1914 Oklahoma, Oklahoma County, Oklahoma. Robert S. Jordan has been found in only two federal censuses: The 1910 Township 4, Cherokee County, Oklahoma census and the 1920 Cookson, Cherokee County, Oklahoma, census.

Kit #132642 (Green Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)

DNA participant #132642 has a paper-trail ancestor descent as follows:
  • His 1st Great-Grandfather, Elias Jefferson Windham, born 13 Dec 1835
  • His 2nd Great-Grandfather, Daniel Windham, born 1796 in Darlington County, SC, married Parthena ‘Thena’ Marshall
  • His 3rd Great-Grandfather, Daniel Windham, Sr., born 1769 married 1st (--?--) Mathis/Matthews, married 2nd Sarah Dawsey
  • His 4th Great-Grandfather, Amos Windham (Revolutionary War soldier), born 11 Nov 1741 in Prince Frederick Winyaw Parish, Craven County, SC
  • His 5th Great-Grandfather, Charles Windham, born about 1709 in England (his place of birth is not proven).

Kit #149014 (Green Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)

This DNA participant #149014 is a descendant of George Windham who was born about 1799 in South Carolina. This George Windham (born ca.1799) is listed in the 1850 Greene County, Alabama, federal census. He married 31 Mar 1831 in Hollow, Greene County, Alabama, to Harriet C. May who was born in 1811 in South Carolina. The children of George Windham and Harriet C. May are: (1)-Sarah E. Windham born 19 Jun 1832, (2)-William J. Windham born 31 May 1833, (3)-James W. Windham born 29 Apr 1835, (4)-John S. Windham born 31 Jan 1838, (5)-Frances Permelia Windham born 14 Mar 1839, (6)-Charlotte M. Windham born 11 Dec 1841, (7)-Henry Louis Windham born 21 Dec 1844, and (8)-Mary A. Windham born 27 Jul 1849. DNA participant #149014 is descended from the seventh (7th) child, Henry Louis Windham who was born 21 Dec 1844. (Source of information: Mostly from Caroline Windham; some data from the 1850 Greene County, Alabama, federal census)




GROUP 03 Red Color

Haplogroup R1b1b2
All participants in this Group 03 are believed to be in haplogroup R1b1b2. Members of Haplogroup R1b1 first appeared in Western Europe around 35,000 years ago. For purposes of this explanation, 'Western Europe' largely means France, England, Ireland and the Iberian Peninsula (Iberia is, today, Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar). Before the results were posted for the participant in this Red Color Group, the writer was expecting this participant to 'match' the results of participant #60381 who is in the Khaki Color Group. Participant #60381 is descended from Lemuel Windham (born VA 1785) who was associated with Peter Windham (ancestor of participant #71254) in records of early Cumberland County, North Carolina. Both Lemuel Windham (born 1785 VA) and Peter Windham (born 1775 VA) were in Cumberland County, North Carolina, at the same time and both these Windhams were associated with the Prince family of Cumberland County, North Carolina. However, when the DNA test results were completed, it showed that participant #71254 was not related to participant #60381 who is in the Khaki Color Group. This indicates that Lemuel Windham (born 1785 VA) and Peter Windham (born 1775 VA) are not brothers to each other, as the writer had expected.

Kit #71254 (Red Color Group) -->Contact person herb.windom@skio.usg.edu

Participant #71254 has a paper-trail lineage back to Peter Windham (sometimes spelled 'Windom') who was born about 1775 in Virginia according to the 1850 Meriwether County, Georgia, census. This Peter Windham is found listed in the following census records: 1810 Cumberland County, North Carolina, 1820 Cumberland County, North Carolina, 1830 DeKalb County, Georgia, 1840 Meriwether County, Georgia, and 1850 Meriwether County, Georgia. Peter Windham married either two or three times. The first marriage record found for him is when he married Elizabeth Prince on 11 Sep 1809 in Cumberland County, North Carolina. There is a possibility that he was married before Elizabeth Prince. Peter Windham married again to Rachael McGahee on 16 Aug 1841 in Meriwether County, Georgia. This Peter Windham died before 30 Sep 1865 in Coweta County, Georgia. Peter seems to have always spelled his name 'Windham' but some of his children changed the spelling of their last name to 'Windom'. Peter Windham (ca.1775-before1865) had, at least, three sons, Samuel Windham, James Monroe Windham (1811-1894) and William Windham (1815-1885) who married Rutha Roseanna Franklin in Meriwether County, Georgia. Participant #71254 has a paper-trail lineage from Peter Windham's son, James Monroe Windham/Windom who was born 19 Jul 1811 in North Carolina and died 02 Aug 1894. This James Windham/Windom married Martha Ray on 26 Jun 1836 in Meriwether County, Georgia. After completion of his DNA test, this DNA partcipant, kit #71254, was placed in Group 03 (Red Color Group). We have another (kit #121061) DNA participant in our Windham Family DNA Project who also has a paper-trail lineage from this same Peter Windham born about 1775 in Virginia. Kit #121061 participant's paper-trail connects from Peter Windham's son, William J. Windham who was born 18 Mar 1815 and died 26 May 1885. After completion of his DNA test, this DNA partcipant, kit #121061, was placed in Group 10 (Fuchsia Color Group).




GROUP 04 Teal Color

Haplogroup E1b1a
DNA participants in this Group 4 are in haplogroup E1b1a which originated from sub-Saharan Africa outside of the Horn of Africa. Due to the large number of genetic distance in the markers when compared to the DNA participants in the other Color Coded Groups, it is certain that DNA participants in this Teal Color Group are not closely related to any other DNA tested participants in any of the other Windham Family DNA Project Groups.
Kit #42463 (Teal Color Group) -->Contact person chris_wainscott@msn.com
and
Kit #98398 (Teal Color Group) -->Contact person chris_wainscott@msn.com
A representative of both these participants believes that these two participants are descendants of William Joseph Windham who was born 1834 in the Darlington, South Carolina, area. This William Joseph Windham married Sarah 'Sallie' Ann Dew who was born 1844 in North Carolina. William Joseph Windham is listed in the 1880 Richland County, SC, census. In that 1880 census, he has a 'sister', Caroline Windham, age 60 (born 1820).




GROUP 05 Gray Color

Haplogroup J2 (predicted)
Family Tree DNA (FTDNA) has predicted the haplogroup of the participant in Group 05 Gray Color to be J2 but feels that the comparative results are not clear and unambiguous and if the kit holder wants to know their SNP with 100% confidence they may consider ordering a SNP confirmation test. The precise location for the origin of Haplogroup J is not known, but its prominence in the Near East/West Asia and the Middle East/Central Asia indicates that it likely arose in one of these regions. It is closely associated with the Fertile Crescent; an area spanning the Nile and Tigris/Euphrates River systems, with the Levant (present day Lebanon) in between. This region has encompassed many early cultures and empires from the Stone Age (Neolithic) to the Iron Age and has also been dubbed the ‘Cradle of Civilization’. Due to the large number of genetic distance in the markers when compared to the DNA participants in the other Color Coded Groups, it is certain that the DNA participant in this Gray Color Group is not closely related to any other DNA tested participants in any of the other Windham Family DNA Project Groups.
Kit #130417 (Gray Color Group) -->Contact person leslieadams@starband.net
The most distant known ancestor of DNA participant #130417 is James Andrew Windham (in some records he is listed as John A. Windham). We do not know the date of birth of this James (or John) Andrew Windham but going by his wife's age, he probably was born about 1818 to 1820. He died about 1849 in Carroll County, Mississippi. He married 19 Oct 1840 in Carroll County, Mississippi, to Elizabeth Vance. Elizabeth Vance was born about 1822 in South Carolina and died probably between 1850 and 1860 because she is not listed in the 1860 census and all her children are listed living with other families. James (or John) Andrew Windham and his wife Elizabeth Vance had five (5) children, four (4) sons and one (1) daughter. Their children are:
  • John C. Windham born about 1842. He married Mary R. Patterson (sister of Laura Ann Patterson who married John C.'s brother, Miquael 'Mike' C. Windham). John C. Windham is listed in the 1860 Carroll County, Mississippi, census; the 1870 Grenada County, Mississippi, census and the 1900 and 1910 Washington County, Mississippi, censuses. The known children (there were probably others) of John C. Windham and Mary R. Patterson are: (1)- John C. Windham born about 1868 who married M.G. (----?----). They likely had no children, (2)- Sarah Windham born about 1870, (3)- Charles Billups Windham was born Feb 1882, died about 1947 and is buried at Hollandale, Washington County, Mississippi. He married 1904 to Clara Dalton. Some of their children were Mildred, Alice, Joe, and John Calvin Windham, Sr.
  • William C. Windham born about 1843 and is buried at Prospect Baptist Church Cemetery, Montgomery County, Mississippi. He married E. Caroline Lane. Their known children were: (1)- L. Ella Windham born Dec 1866, (2)- William Adrian Windham born 02 Mar 1870, (3)- Ernest Estelle Windham born 03 Jun 1903, (4)- Theodore Lucien 'Buster' Windham born 03 Feb 1910, (5)- Julia Beatrice Windham born 12 Nov 1916. There may have been other children of William C. Windham.
  • Mary Absilla Windham born 24 Feb 1845 and died 30 May 1919 at Grenada, Mississippi. She married James Josiah Hayward and they had nine (9) known children: (1)- James Augustus Hayward born circa 1865, (2)-Maria Elizabeth Hayward born circa 1867, (3)- Julia Evelyn Hayward born circa 1869, (4)- William Nathaniel Hayward born circa 1871, (5)- Johnanna A. Hayward born circa 1873, (6)- Almaretta Frazier Hayward born circa 1874, (7)- Albert Martin Hayward born circa 1876, (8)- Edward Clyde Hayward born 07 Nov 1878 and married 1904 to Magnolia Ingram, and (9)- Thomas Taylor Hayward.
  • George Gray Windham born 23 Dec 1846 and died 19 Jun 1924. He married Joanna Britnal and they had twelve (12) children: (1)-Eulalia Windham born 27 Sep 1867, (2)-Willie Gertrude Windham born 01 Jul 1871 and died 23 Oct 1873, (3)- James Windham born 16 Feb 1873, (4)- L. Elizabeth Windham born Mar 1875, (5)- Ada A. Windham born Feb 1876, (6)- Florence Josephine Windham born Oct 1878, (7)- James Andrew Windham born Feb 1881, (8)- William Thomas Windham born 06 Aug 1883, (9)- Helen M. Windham born May 1885 and died 17 May 1901, (10)- Johnnie Windham born 1885 died young, (11)- George Malcomb Windham born 1885 and died young, and (12)- Talford H. Windham (male) born Jun 1889 and died 23 Apr 1908.
  • Miquael 'Mike' C. Windham born Jan 1849 and died 03 Aug 1909. He married 1st in 1869 to Laura Ann Patterson and married 2nd in 1887 to Mary Jane Castor Kindoll/Kindell. The known children of Miquael 'Mike' C. Windham and his first wife, Laura Ann Patterson are: (1)- Edna Mary Elizabeth Windham who died at age 7, (2)- William Andrew Windham who died young, (3)- Charles Miquael Windham born 10 Jan 1868 and died 13 May 1953. He married 31 Dec 1895 to Katie Musselwhite, (4)- Laura Ann Eunice Windham who married Alonzo Graves, (5)- Sarah Belle Windham who married 1st Marion Musselwhite and married 2nd William Dalton Vance, (6)- John Alexander Windham born Feb 1882. He married Mary Vance (sister of William Dalton Vance), (7)- Samuel Adrian Windham born Jan 1884. He married Lillian Harper, and (8)- Kittie Idonia Windham born Apr 1885. She married John Emmons.
DNA participant #130417 is descended from the fifth child, Miquael 'Mike' C. Windham born in 1849.




GROUP 06 Orange Color

Haplogroup R1b1
All participants in this Group 06 are believed to be in haplogroup R1b1. Members of Haplogroup R1b1 first appeared in Western Europe around 35,000 years ago. For purposes of this explanation, 'Western Europe' largely means France, England, Ireland and the Iberian Peninsula (Iberia is, today, Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar). For many years in the past, prior thinking has been that all the Windhams of the Darlington District/County, South Carolina, area were descended from Charles Windham born estimated 1709 and then many, if not all, these Darlington District/County Windhams were descended from Charles’ son, Major Amos Windham, of Revolutionary War fame. With the new advent of DNA testing, we are now able to begin to prove or disprove this theory. We have a group of DNA participants who are descended from the Darlington District Windhams and some of these participants do not, yet, have a paper-trail lineage back to Major Amos Windham. However, a recent new DNA participant (#132642) does have a firm paper-trail lineage back to Major Amos Windham and he does match DNA with these other DNA participants in Group 02 (Green Color Group) who do not yet have a paper-trail back to Major Amos Windham. This proves that all these DNA participants in this Group 02 (Green Color Group) are Y-DNA biologically related to each other. Using their DNA test results, all these DNA participants of Darlington Windhams (including the ones who do not yet have a paper-trail back to Major Amos Windham and the one (#132642) who does have a paper-trail back to Major Amos Windham) are placed in Group 02 (Green Color Group). We have a group (#72039, #54815, #132581 and #140800) of DNA participants who are descended from the Darlington District Windhams and these four (4) participants have a firm paper-trail lineage back to Major Amos Windham. Using their DNA test results, this group of Darlington Windhams are placed in Group 06 (Orange Color Group). Important......There is a conflict! These two different groups (Group 02 and Group 06) do not match in Y-DNA and the probability that they shared a common ancestor within the last 12 generations (300 years) is only 2.16%. (Source: FTDNATiP™ calculations by Family Tree DNA of Houston). The DNA test results indicate that these two different groups (Group 02 and Group 06) probably are not related (this is...do not have a common ancestor) in the last thousands of years. The writer takes this to mean that some Darlington District Windhams are biologically descended by Y-DNA from Major Amos Windham and some Darlington District Windhams are not biologically descended by Y-DNA from Major Amos Windham. Unfortunately, it is not known which of the two Groups (Group 02 Green Color Group or Group 06 Orange Color Group) are the true, biological, Y-DNA descendants of Major Amos Windham.

Kit #72039 (Orange Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)

The ancestors of participant #72039 are as follows: 6th Great-Grandfather, Charles Windham born about 1709 and died before 20 Aug 1771; 5th Great-Grandfather, Major Amos Windham born 11 Nov 1741; 4th Great-Grandfather, Daniel Windham, Sr. born 1769 Cheraw District, South Carolina; 3rd Great-Grandfather, Elias (Eli) Windham born 16 Mar 1795 in Darlington District, South Carolina and married Sophira Stewart born about 1790; 2nd Great-Grandfather, Edmon/Edwin Windham born about 1825 in Darlington District, South Carolina; 1st Great-Grandfather, James Edward/Edwin Windham born about 1860 married Mary/Mollie Tatum. DNA participants #72039, #54815, #132581, and #140800 closely match each other's markers on their DNA testings. These DNA tests proves participants #72039, #54815, #132581, and #140800 are all four (4) very closely related to each other. All of these four DNA participants have firm paper-trail lineages showing each of them are descended from Major Amos Windham the Revolutionary War Soldier. All the children of Major Amos Windham have not been proven. Some of the children of Major Amos Windham are: (1)- Daniel Windham, (2)-Anthony Windham, (3)-Amos Windham, Jr., (4)-Seliah Windham, married Henry Truett, (5)-Mary Windham, married Jesse Williamson, (6)-Sarah Windham, married Thomas Mercer, (7)-Rachael Windham [a questionable daughter of Amos], (8)-Mary Ann Windham, (9)-Elizabeth Windham [a questionable daughter of Amos], married a DuBois, (10)-Roseanna Windham, married Daniel Sansbury, and (11)-Elias Windham. Major Amos Windham may have had other children in addition to these eleven listed children. It is from Major Amos’ #1 child, Daniel Windham, that participants #72039, #54815, #132581 and #140800 are descended. This Daniel Windham was born about 1769 in Cheraws District, South Carolina, in the area that later became Darlington District, South Carolina, in 1785. Daniel Windham lived in Darlington District, South Carolina, until sometime before 1830 when he moved to Dale County, Alabama. This Daniel Windham died 13 June 1862 in Dale County, Alabama, and is buried in Sylvan Grove Cemetery, Dale County, Alabama. The burial place of Major Amos Windham (1741-1798) is not known. Some researchers think he was likely buried in the Old Windham Cemetery north of Lamar, Darlington County, South Carolina. This Old Windham Cemetery is no longer in existence. It was removed or destroyed and the land was returned to cultivation and should not be confused with the present Windham Cemetery off Windhamtown Road near Lamar, Darlington County, South Carolina. In recent years, many researchers and Windham descendants have been mistaken in thinking that Major Amos Windham (1741-1798) is buried at the present-day fenced-in Windham Cemetery in the cow-pasture just off Windhamtown Road (hwy. 131), north of Lamar, Darlington County, South Carolina. There is a 'memorial' marker in this present Windham Cemetery off Windhamtown Road. This memorial marker was placed there over 175 years after Major Amos Windham's death by a good-intentioned person to serve as a remembrance of Major Windham (1741-1798). This 'memorial' monument should not be mistaken for a grave stone, marking the place of Major Amos Windham's burial. Unfortunately there are some confused Windham researchers who have observed this recently placed memorial and have passed-on the untrue rumor that Major Amos Windham is buried at this spot.

Kit #132581 (Orange Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)

The paper-trail ancestor lineage of this participant #132581 is as follows:
  • His 1st Great-Grandfather: Robert C. Windham born about 1857 in Copiah County, Mississippi
  • His 2nd Great-Grandfather: Stokley M. Windham born about 1834 in Pike County, Alabama. He died as a Confederate Soldier in the War Between the States Battle of Port Hudson, LA, in the summer of 1863
  • His 3rd Great-Grandfather: Robert Godfrey Windham born about 1805 in Darlington County, South Carolina. He moved from Pike County, Alabama, to Copiah County, Mississippi, about 1838
  • His 4th Great-Grandfather: Daniel Windham, Sr. born 1769 married 1st (--?--) Mathis/Matthews, married 2nd Sarah Dawsey
  • His 5th Great-Grandfather: Amos Windham (Revolutionary War Soldier) born 11 Nov 1741 Prince Frederick Parish, Craven County, SC
  • His 6th Great-Grandfather: Charles Windham born about 1709 in England (place of birth has not been proven)
DNA participants #72039, #54815, #132581, and #140800 closely match each other's markers on their DNA testings. These DNA tests proves participants #72039, #54815, #132581, and #140800 are all four (4) very closely related to each other. All of these four DNA participants have firm paper-trail lineages showing each of them are descended from Major Amos Windham the Revolutionary War Soldier. All the children of Major Amos Windham have not been proven. Some of the children of Major Amos Windham are: (1)- Daniel Windham, (2)-Anthony Windham, (3)-Amos Windham, Jr., (4)-Seliah Windham, married Henry Truett, (5)-Mary Windham, married Jesse Williamson, (6)-Sarah Windham, married Thomas Mercer, (7)-Rachael Windham [a questionable daughter of Amos], (8)-Mary Ann Windham, (9)-Elizabeth Windham [a questionable daughter of Amos], married a DuBois, (10)-Roseanna Windham, married Daniel Sansbury, and (11)-Elias Windham. Major Amos Windham may have had other children in addition to these eleven listed children. It is from Major Amos’ #1 child, Daniel Windham, that participants #72039, #54815, #132581 and #140800 are descended. This Daniel Windham was born about 1769 in Cheraws District, South Carolina, in the area that later became Darlington District, South Carolina, in 1785. Daniel Windham lived in Darlington District, South Carolina, until sometime before 1830 when he moved to Dale County, Alabama. This Daniel Windham died 13 June 1862 in Dale County, Alabama, and is buried in Sylvan Grove Cemetery, Dale County, Alabama. The burial place of Major Amos Windham (1741-1798) is not known. Some researchers think he was likely buried in the Old Windham Cemetery north of Lamar, Darlington County, South Carolina. This Old Windham Cemetery is no longer in existence. It was removed or destroyed and the land was returned to cultivation and should not be confused with the present Windham Cemetery off Windhamtown Road near Lamar, Darlington County, South Carolina. In recent years, many researchers and Windham descendants have been mistaken in thinking that Major Amos Windham (1741-1798) is buried at the present-day fenced-in Windham Cemetery in the cow-pasture just off Windhamtown Road (hwy. 131), north of Lamar, Darlington County, South Carolina. There is a 'memorial' marker in this present Windham Cemetery off Windhamtown Road. This memorial marker was placed there over 175 years after Major Amos Windham's death by a good-intentioned person to serve as a remembrance of Major Windham (1741-1798). This 'memorial' monument should not be mistaken for a grave stone, marking the place of Major Amos Windham's burial. Unfortunately there are some confused Windham researchers who have observed this recently placed memorial and have passed-on the untrue rumor that Major Amos Windham is buried at this spot.

Kit #140800 (Orange Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)

Participant #140800 is a descendant of Benjamin Eli Windom who was born 06 May 1861 in Alabama. This Benjamin Eli Windom was living in San Saba County, Texas, in both the 1900 and 1910 Federal Censuses. The parents of this Benjamin Eli Windom (born 1861) are William 'Wilbern' Elia Windham born about 1841 in Alabama and his wife Amanda Golden. 'Wilbern' and Amanda Windham are shown in the 1860 Butler County, Alabama, census. The parents of William 'Wilbern' Elia Windham (born about 1841) are Erasmus W(illiam?) Windham born 1818 and Mary Ann Mosley. This family (including their son, William 'Wilbern', age 10) are listed in the 1850 Pike County, Alabama, census. The father of Erasmus W(illiam?) Windham born 1818 is Elias (Eli) Windham born 1795. The father of Elias (Eli) Windham born 1795 is Daniel Windham who was born 1769. The father of Daniel Windham born 1769 is Amos Windham of Revolutionary War fame. All the children of Major Amos Windham have not been proven. Some of the children of Major Amos Windham are: (1)- Daniel Windham, (2)-Anthony Windham, (3)-Amos Windham, Jr., (4)-Seliah Windham, married Henry Truett, (5)-Mary Windham, married Jesse Williamson, (6)-Sarah Windham, married Thomas Mercer, (7)-Rachael Windham [a questionable daughter of Amos], (8)-Mary Ann Windham, (9)-Elizabeth Windham [a questionable daughter of Amos], married a DuBois, (10)-Roseanna Windham, married Daniel Sansbury, and (11)-Elias Windham. Major Amos Windham may have had other children in addition to these eleven listed children. It is from Major Amos’ #1 child, Daniel Windham, that participants #72039, #54815, #132581 and #140800 are descended. This Daniel Windham was born about 1769 in Cheraws District, South Carolina, in the area that later became Darlington District, South Carolina, in 1785. Daniel Windham lived in Darlington District, South Carolina, until sometime before 1830 when he moved to Dale County, Alabama. This Daniel Windham died 13 June 1862 in Dale County, Alabama, and is buried in Sylvan Grove Cemetery, Dale County, Alabama.




GROUP 07 Blue Color

Haplogroup R1b1
All participants in this Group 07 are believed to be in haplogroup R1b1. Members of Haplogroup R1b1 first appeared in Western Europe around 35,000 years ago. For purposes of this explanation, 'Western Europe' largely means France, England, Ireland and the Iberian Peninsula (Iberia is, today, Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar). Due to the large number of genetic distance in the markers when compared to the DNA participants in the other Color Coded Groups, it is certain that the DNA participant in this Blue Color Group is not closely related to any other DNA tested participants in any of the other Windham Family DNA Project Groups.

Kit #77370 (Blue Color Group) -->Contact person windham@suddenlink.net

DNA participant #77370 is descended from Hardy Windham who was born 31 Aug 1804. Hardy Windham is said to be listed in the 1840 Lawrence County, Alabama, census, page 188 (source: Edith Windham Huebner), however, the writer has been unable to locate that 1840 census record. Hardy is also listed in the 1850, 1860 and 1870 Lawrence County, Alabama, census records, and he is recorded in these three census records as being born in Virginia. Hardy died 03 Jun 1872 in Moulton, Lawrence County, Alabama, and is buried there with a grave marker. DNA Participant #77370 is descended from Hardy Windham's youngest son, Lemuel Mitchell Windham who was born 25 May 1859 in Moulton, Lawrence County, Alabama. Hardy Windham married first, Lucinda Lewis on 23 Dec 1830 (source: Edith Windham Huebner and Martin Wiles). It is believed that there were no children born to Lucinda Lewis and she probably died sometime before Hardy Windham's second marriage 06 Jun 1836 in Lawrence County, Alabama, to Elizabeth Jane George. Sometime after Hardy Windham died in Moulton, Lawrence County, Alabama, his (second) wife, Elizabeth Jane George Windham and many of their children, and their families, moved to near Italy, Ellis County, Texas. (source: Martin Wiles and Edith Windham Huebner) The children of Hardy Windham and his 2nd wife, Elizabeth Jane George, are: (1)-John Oxford Windham born about 1837, (2)-Sarah Jane Windham born about 1839, (3)-William J. Windham born about 1841, (4)-James Baker Windham born about 1843, (5)-Mary Emily Windham born 12 Mar 1843, (6)-A. Jackson Windham born 14 Sep 1847, (7)-Frances Adaline Windham born about 1848, (8)-Charity Elizabeth Windham born about 1852, (9)-Charles Windham born about 1855, (10)-Lemuel Mitchell Windham born 25 May 1859. (source of children information from: Edith Windham Huebner and also from 1850, 1860 and 1870 Lawrence County, Alabama, census records researched by John B. Windham)




GROUP 08 Coral Color

Haplogroup R1b1b2
All participants in this Group 08 are believed to be in haplogroup R1b1b2. Members of Haplogroup R1b1 first appeared in Western Europe around 35,000 years ago. For purposes of this explanation, 'Western Europe' largely means France, England, Ireland and the Iberian Peninsula (Iberia is, today, Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar). Due to the large number of genetic distance in the markers when compared to the DNA participants in the other Color Coded Groups, it is certain that the DNA participant in this Coral Color Group is not closely related to any other DNA tested participants in any of the other Windham Family DNA Project Groups.

Kit #98372 (Coral Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)

DNA participant #98372 is descended from Allen Winham who was born 01 Dec 1800 in Georgia, died 16 Aug 1884 in Bossier Parish, Louisiana. He married 21 Nov 1824 in Laurens County, Georgia, to Parthene/Parthenia Bush born 14 Jul 1799, died 2 Jun 1882. Allen Winham is listed in the 1830 and 1840 Houston County, Georgia, federal censuses and in those two censuses his name is spelled ‘Wynham’. Allen Winham is listed in the 1850 and 1860 Bossier Parish, Louisiana, censuses. In the 1850 census his name is spelled ‘Windham’ and in the 1860 census his name is spelled ‘Winham’. In the 1880 census of Bossier Parish, Louisiana, Allen’s last name is spelled ‘Windham’. Allen Winham is supposedly the son of John Winham who was born about 1760. John Winham is said to have been born about 1760. He is reported to have been born in England but that has not been proven. He supposedly married Permelia Tharpe. There is a John ‘Wennam’ listed in the 1800 Edgefield, Edgefield County, South Carolina, federal census. It is not known, for sure, by the writer, if that is the same as John Winham who was born about 1760. The writer has not found this John Winham in any other census other than possibly this 1800 Edgefield County, South Carolina, census.




GROUP 09 Olive Color

Haplogroup R1b
All participants in this Group 09 are believed to be in haplogroup R1b. Members of Haplogroup R1b1 first appeared in Western Europe around 35,000 years ago. For purposes of this explanation, 'Western Europe' largely means France, England, Ireland and the Iberian Peninsula (Iberia is, today, Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar). Due to the large number of genetic distance in the markers when compared to the DNA participants in the other Color Coded Groups, it is certain that the DNA participant in this Olive Color Group is not closely related to any other DNA tested participants in any of the other Windham Family DNA Project Groups.

Kit #105195 (Olive Color Group) -->Contact person (none, yet)

Participant #105195 is descended from William Windham born about 1720 and died before 1776. This William Windham married 23 Apr 1747 in Prince George's County, Maryland, to Elizabeth Morris born 17 Sep 1726, daughter of Robert and Rachel Morris. Children of William Windham (born about 1720) and Elizabeth Morris are: (1)-Rachel Windham born 20 Sep 1749, (2)-Thomas Windham born 12 Sep 1750/51 and died May 1795. Thomas married the widow Sarah Lamb 21 Jul 1785. Thomas Windham was a Revolutionary War soldier from Maryland, (3)-Susannah Windham born 10 Mar 1754, (4)-William Windham born 05 Oct 1755 and died probably between 1810 and 1820. William married Eleanor Johnson about 1788 and they had six children. William Windham served in the Revolutionary War as a Maryland Militiaman, (5)-George Windham born 02 May 1759 and married Mary Card. George was a Revolutionary War soldier from Maryland. He and his wife, Mary Card, first moved from Maryland to Loudoun County, Virginia, and then, sometime after 1805, moved to Belmont County, Ohio, where they died and are buried, (6)-Charles Windham born 03 May 1763, and (7)-Robert Morris Windham born 03 May 1767. (Source: From the research of Edith Windham Roberts born Jan 1894 Logan County, Ohio (daughter of George W. Windham)--Edith's research papers provided by Barbara Windham Zucco to John B. Windham) William Windham (born about 1720-died before 1776) had a brother named Thomas Windom who wrote in his (Thomas') will dated 14 March 1762: "To brother William Windom: 20 shillings....." (Source: From the booklet "Western Maryland Genealogy", Vol. 2, No. 4, Oct. 1986 which mentions: Frederick County [Maryland] Wills, Book A1).




GROUP 10 Fuchsia Color

Haplogroup I1
All participants in this Group 10 are believed to be in haplogroup I1. Y-DNA Haplogroup I (the letter I, not the number 1) is a European haplogroup, representing nearly one-fifth of the population. It can be found in most present-day European populations, most commonly in Scandinavia, Sardinia, and the Slavic populations of the Western Balkans in southeastern Europe. The haplogroup is almost non-existent outside of Europe, suggesting that it arose in Europe. Estimates of the age of Haplogroup I suggest that it arose prior to the Last Glacial Maximum. It may have been confined to a refuge in the Balkans during the last Ice Age, and then spread northward during the recolonization of northern Europe following the retreat of the glaciers. Due to the large number of genetic distance in the markers when compared to the DNA participants in the other Color Coded Groups, it is certain that the DNA participant in this Fuchsia Color Group is not closely related to any other DNA tested participants in any of the other Windham Family DNA Project Groups.

Kit #121061 (Fuchsia Color Group) -->Contact person wcwindom56@yahoo.com

Participant #121061 has a paper-trail lineage back to Peter Windham (sometimes spelled 'Windom') who was born about 1775 in Virginia according to the 1850 Meriwether County, Georgia, census. This Peter Windham is found listed in the following census records: 1810 Cumberland County, North Carolina, 1820 Cumberland County, North Carolina, 1830 DeKalb County, Georgia, 1840 Meriwether County, Georgia, and 1850 Meriwether County, Georgia. Peter Windham married either two or three times. The first marriage record found for him is when he married Elizabeth Prince on 11 Sep 1809 in Cumberland County, North Carolina. There is a possibility that he was married before Elizabeth Prince. Peter Windham married again to Rachael McGahee on 16 Aug 1841 in Meriwether County, Georgia. This Peter Windham died before 30 Sep 1865 in Coweta County, Georgia. Peter seems to have always spelled his name 'Windham' but some of his children changed the spelling of their last name to 'Windom'. Peter Windham (ca.1775-before1865) had, at least, three sons, Samuel Windham, James Monroe Windham (1811-1894) and William Windham (1815-1885) who married Rutha Roseanna Franklin in Meriwether County, Georgia. Participant #121061 has a paper-trail lineage from Peter Windham's son, William J. Windham who was born 18 Mar 1815 and died 26 May 1885. After completion of his DNA test, this DNA partcipant, kit #121061, is placed in Group 10 (Fuchsia Color Group). We already have one (kit #71254) DNA participant in our Windham Family DNA Project who also has a paper-trail lineage from this same Peter Windham born about 1775 in Virginia. Kit #71254 participant's paper-trail connects from Peter Windham's son, James Monroe Windham/Windom, born 19 Jul 1811 in North Carolina and died 02 Aug 1894. After completion of his DNA test, this DNA participant, kit #71254, is placed in Group 03 (Red Color Group).