Reddick / r320 DNA Surname Project
Here are the results of our testing to date. We've grouped the results by their apparent lineages, where such can be inferred by the DNA results. Otherwise, individuals and groups are listed by their apparent country of origin or else by their haplogroup assignment - e.g., R1b, K2, etc.
Name - - - - - - DYS Values - - - - - - - - - - - * Haplogroup
Scot-Irish - Note that there are three different spellings of the r320 surnames in this grouping. The fourth, non-r320 surname represents an individual whose grandfather changed his surname from Riddick to Wallace.
J. L. Riddick:
F. A. Riddick:
M. E. Wallace:
P. D. Reddick:
R. D. Reddick: 184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.10.11.8.16.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.11.12.11 * I1b2
W. J. Reddick: 22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.10.11.8.16.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.11.12.11 B. Redick:
R. L. Reddick:
E. T. Reddick:
W. A. Riddoch:
J. J. Reddiex:
Scot - Of note is the fact that these two individuals possess haplotypes closely matching the SCOTS or Dal Riata sub-clades of the R1b haplogroup.
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.12 * R1b
J. F. Reddoch:
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.12 * R1b
T. K. Reddick:
C. R. Reddick:
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.12 * R1b
C. S. Reddoch:
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.17 * R1b
R1b Reddick-Riddick group - note that these four individuals perfectly match on 12 markers while having the surname spelled in two different ways.
J. C. Riddick:
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52 * R1b
J. R. Reddick:
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168 * R1b
R. R. Reddick:
22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.12 * R1b
J. L. Reddick:
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.18 * R1b
K2 Haplogroup - a rare haplotype generally found in southern Europe. This individual has several K2 matches in the British Isles.
E3a Haplogroup - a typically sub-Saharan haplotype generally associated with the expansion of the Bantu-speaking peoples who began to migrate into the great majority of western and southern Africa starting 3,000 years ago.
V. C. Riddick:
Two R1b haplogroup individuals - they are unrelated.
J. F. Redditt:
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.12 * R1b
L. M. Ruddick - He has a perfect 37 for 37 marker match with a Mr. Hull. And at the 67 marker level of testing he has only a Genetic Distance of 1 from Mr. Hull. These two gentlemen appear to be related. 22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.10.11.8.15.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.12.13.11 * I1c
German R320s Ohio, U.S.A. (German-origin)
J. W. Rettig:
184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168 * I
From Hessen / Hesse State, Deutschland / Germany
22.214.171.124.11.14.---.126.96.36.199.31.16.---.---.---.---.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.---.12.---.---.15.---.---.17.---.---.---.12 * R1b
Georgia, U.S.A. (German-origin) R320s
B. D. Reddick:
G. E. Reddick:
N. M. Reddick:
J. H. Reddick:
D. E. Reddick:
220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.12 * R1b
T. L. Readdick:
The following decribes the likely relationship between the ancestors of two lines of Georgia r320s. This is given as an example of where we may go with our DNA studies. Genetic Genealogy - where can it take us? This question may seem mundane, but I hope someone can see the value of the following. Consider this scenario. A Y-DNA surname project participant's paper trail is brick-walled at 6 or so generations back about 1800. If a 37/37 marker match with the same surname (or with a surname spelled slightly differently) is found, but with no interconnecting traditional paper trail, what are the chances they are related? Then if the found match has a traditional paper trail further back in time, which predates the Y-DNA participant's brickwall, how confident can this participant be in assuming that paper trail as his own? In other words, can genetic genealogy allow us to skip a generation, and pick it up again with any calculable certainty that it is the same family? How can that probability be calculated, if at all?
Well - here's a pertinent question. Is there a pattern of given name usage in the two lines that appear to be similar? As an example - we have a Coastal Georgia Readdick line that was brick-walled back circa 1800. Then, we have the line of inland Georgia Reddicks clearly appearing in paper records starting in 1785. There is no evidentiary connection between the two lines. Except, we have a perfect match of 37 for 37 for T. L. Readdick and D. E. Reddick. And then, there's the pattern of given name usage. In the brick-walled line we find two boys born circa 1800 and named Peter & Francis. It just so happens that the inland Reddick line of 1785 has those same two given names used by two of four brothers. The bunch of us who are working on these Georgia r320s lines haven't yet proven the connection. But we are depending upon that perfect 37 marker matchup and those shared given names as pointers to a familial connection. Somebody got married, fathered two sons circa 1800 & 1802, and then he died. Then, in 1805 his widow (with orphaned children) participated in the Georgia Land Lottery. Several of us suspect that we think that we know who the deceased father of the two orphaned Readdick boys was - we just haven't proven it, yet. So, this is really the interface between Genetic Genealogy and traditional genealogy. Until T. L. Readdick and D. E. Reddick were both tested at twelve markers and got a match at that level, then it was only a matter of speculation and curiosity that T. L. Readdick's ancestor born circa 1800 was named Peter (Readdick, Reddick, Reddock - recorded all three ways) and that he appeared to have a brother named Francis. Once we got that matchup, then we started looking around for more paper evidence.
Well, we expanded the testing out to 37 markers and the perfect match held up. That's when D. E. Reddick travelled down to Woodbine, Georgia (Camden Co.) and started digging into local files at the courthouse and historical museum. He discovered nieghbors and the two brothers helping each other with surveying their lands circa 1830. Then, things clicked - we found that an Elizabeth Reddick had participated in the 1805 Georgia Land Lottery in Glynn County (adjacent to Camden Co.). To participate, a woman had to be a widow with children. She lost on both of her draws in that lottery. In the 1820 census we find a 40-something Elizabeth "Ready" living with two twenty-ish males. In the 1830 census Peter Readdick has a household with another male of similar age and an older female of approximately 50 years age. Several of the neighbors of Elizabeth "Ready" of 1820 are the same folks recorded in the 1830 census page containing Peter Readdick's record. In 1832 Elizabeth Reddick of Camden County had a win in the Georgia Gold Lottery. So, she was still there. Now, let's flip back to 1785 Burke County, Georgia. This is along the Savannah River and in the fork of Brier Creek - between Augusta and Savannah. Beginning in May of 1785 four Reddick brothers are recorded in court records. They show up on sixteen occasions as litigants and jurors. Amongst them is Francis Reddick (mostly spelled as Readick & Redick). Francis continues to appear in Burke and adjacent Screven County records up until the mid-1790s. Then, he seems to disappear. Coincidentally, the miller Francis Paris died in 1795 and his son sold their milling operation in '96. The four Reddick brothers had lived around the border of the Paris' Mill millpond. Of the four brothers, only Francis has no record of having owned land. He is not recorded as having purchased or sold land. He did witness a deed for a land sale involving Francis Paris. Several of us think that maybe, just -perhaps- Francis Reddick was an employee of Francis Paris at the mill. And once the Paris family sold the mill, then Francis Reddick had to move on. (There is earlier paper documentation of an association between Francis Paris and members of the Readick / Reddick family starting from 1764 and going up through the 1780s. Some of us think there was an intermarriage involved - we suspect that Francis Paris may have been the uncle to Francis Reddick). Anyhow, Francis Reddick disappears in the mid to late 1790s. Two boys named Peter and Francis Readdick are born circa 1800 & 1802. And in 1805 Elizabeth Reddick makes that appearance in the land lottery as a widow with children.
T. L. Readdick is a direct lineal descendant of Peter Readdick and has a 37 / 37 matchup with D. E. Reddick. And D. E. Reddick is a direct lineal descendant of Nicholas Reddick, who was the brother of Francis Reddick. There is a general suspicion about what happened. The several of us who are co-investigators simply haven't found the closing proof for it. BUT - none of us would think that we'd ever be looking at this without those perfect marker matchups resulting from the DNA testing. Again, this is the interface between Genetic Genealogy and traditional genealogy. The results of DNA tests are able to lead you in new directions and down new roads of investigation. And then, you may break down a brick-wall or two... Dale E. Reddick (The initial question raised in the beginning was put forth by Eric Olson < firstname.lastname@example.org>, who is the Carroll-DNA list administrator. John Roose prompted me to combine Eric's question with my example and so this is how we came to have this bit of text.)
Above submitted by Dale Reddick during his tenure as assistant administrator of this project. Lewis M. Ruddick