The major branch points on our shared paternal lineage trace back through genealogy, history, antiquity, and ancient anthropology to reach our early hominid ancestors who lived in Africa. Recent (terminal) branches may be as recent as ten generations old or several thousand years. Thus, they are an established way to trace the migrations of human populations from the earliest times to the present. The branches on the paternal tree are haplogroups. SNP markers on the Y-Chromosome define them. This page displays Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) SNP results for the project. It shows Y-DNA haplogroups and all SNP results both positive (derived) and negative (ancestral). A plus, +, sign denotes positive results. A negative, -, sign denotes negative results. You may learn more about Y-Chromosome SNPs on the Understanding Y-DNA SNP Results learning page.

Learn more about this page. This page displays project members' Y-DNA haplogroups and SNP results. Predicted haplogroups are in red, and confirmed haplogroups are in green.

* denotes a no call or heterozygous call.

Kit Number Last Name Paternal Ancestor Name Short Hand Confirmed SNPs
271096 Clark John Clark, b. 1785 in VA and d 1842 in Bledsoe TN R-M269  
282224 Pelfrey Jacob Remy, 1630 - 1721 Westmoreland Co, VA R-M269  
295732 Pelfrey Thomas Pelfrey b 1782 VA d 1823 TN R-M269  
322047 Pelphrey WILLIAM Pelphrey 1764-1848 VA to Floyd Co, KY R-M269  
B6278 Kash Harlin Kash, Farmers, KY R-M269  
B6364 Pelfrey JOSEPH Pelfrey 1768-1832- VA to SC to Franklin GA R-M269  
B82504 Pelfrey Forest Lenard CLINTON, b 1897 GA and d 1962 R-M269  
324712 Barney George W Barney b.1849 d.1917    
297918 Barney George W. Barney b. 1849 d. 1917   CTS9715-, F1881-