The major branch points on our shared paternal lineage trace back through genealogy, history, antiquity, and ancient anthropology to reach our early hominid ancestors who lived in Africa. Recent (terminal) branches may be as recent as ten generations old or several thousand years. Thus, they are an established way to trace the migrations of human populations from the earliest times to the present. The branches on the paternal tree are haplogroups. SNP markers on the Y-Chromosome define them. This page displays Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) SNP results for the project. It shows Y-DNA haplogroups and all SNP results both positive (derived) and negative (ancestral). A plus, +, sign denotes positive results. A negative, -, sign denotes negative results. You may learn more about Y-Chromosome SNPs on the Understanding Y-DNA SNP Results learning page.

Learn more about this page. This page displays project members' Y-DNA haplogroups and SNP results. Predicted haplogroups are in red, and confirmed haplogroups are in green.

* denotes a no call or heterozygous call.

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Kit Number Paternal Ancestor Name Short Hand Confirmed SNPs
360358 Fred Herman b 1891 E-M35  
N24916   E-M35 M35+
N42342 Jacob Leonhardt, b1850 Prussia I-L1287 L1286+, L1287+, L233-
170521 Linhart Piskac, b. 1610 (?) - d. 1680 (Minice) N-Z16980 M178+, L550+, L1025+, CTS8173+, Z16981+, Z16980+, Z17079-, L1027-, L551-, L591-, P119-, P21-, P67-
234338 Domenico Scaglione, b. c. 1750 and d. Before 1822 Q-BZ4911 L938+, BY15565+, BY15808+, BY15809+, BY15810+, BY15811+, BY15812+, BY15813+, BY15814+, BY15815+, BY15817+, BY15822+, BY22302+, BY27761+, BY3070+, BY45566+, BY45569+, BY45573+, BY45574+, BZ1464+, BZ1468+, BZ1469+, BZ1470+, BZ1472+, BZ1474+, BZ1476+, BZ1478+, BZ1486+, BZ1488+, BZ1489+, BZ1492+, BZ1496+, BZ1498+, BZ1503+, BZ1504+, BZ1505+, BZ1506+, BZ1509+, BZ1510+, BZ1514+, BZ1515+, BZ1519+, BZ1522+, BZ1523+, BZ1531+, BZ1532+, BZ1533+, BZ1541+, BZ1542+, BZ1544+, BZ1546+, BZ1549+, BZ1550+, BZ1553+, BZ4091+, BZ4097+, BZ4112+, BZ4116+, BZ4117+, BZ4119+, BZ4124+, BZ4133+, BZ4136+, BZ4144+, BZ4152+, BZ4153+, BZ4911+, BZ50024+, BZ50025+, BZ50026+, BZ50027+, CTS10828+, CTS11133+, CTS11538+, CTS1206+, CTS1309+, CTS1391+, CTS1845+, CTS2869+, CTS3227+, CTS3248+, CTS3358+, CTS3654+, CTS3717+, CTS4368+, CTS4715+, CTS4717+, CTS4793+, CTS511+, CTS5301+, CTS5804+, CTS5992+, CTS6218+, CTS6354+, CTS686+, CTS8010+, CTS8328+, CTS8405+, CTS863+, CTS9055+, CTS97+, F115+, F1161+, F1209+, F1237+, F1242+, F1254+, F1293+, F1304+, F1329+, F1405+, F1426+, F1513+, F1704+, F1714+, F1728+, F1753+, F1767+, F1829+, F1872+, F1893+, F2019+, F2048+, F2122+, F2125+, F2142+, F2155+, F2360+, F2402+, F2563+, F2587+, F2603+, F2656+, F2679+, F2688+, F2705+, F2761+, F2837+, F2840+, F2910+, F2940+, F2985+, F3011+, F3067+, F3111+, F313+, F3136+, F3335+, F3349+, F3556+, F3567+, F3692+, F4052+, F4852+, F719+, F749+, F826+, F835+, F850+, FGC1751+, FGC1754+, FGC6787+, FGC6793+, FGC6798+, FGC6800+, FGC6807+, FGC6808+, FGC6810+, FGC6892+, FGC6936+, FGC6960+, FGC8415+, GT44060+, GT44061+, GT44063+, GT44065+, GT44123+, GT44126+, L1090+, L132+, L136+, L15+, L16+, L232+, L273+, L274+, L350+, L468+, L470+, L472+, L474+, L498+, L528+, L56+, L57+, L768+, L779+, L82+, L892+, L932+, L938+, M1057+, M1072+, M1074+, M1153+, M1154+, M1155+, M168+, M213+, M235+, M242+, M294+, M299+, M346+, M42+, M45+, M526+, M74+, M89+, M9+, M94+, M9803+, MEH2+, P128+, P131+, P132+, P133+, P134+, P135+, P136+, P138+, P139+, P14+, P140+, P141+, P143+, P145+, P146+, P148+, P149+, P151+, P157+, P158+, P159+, P160+, P161+, P163+, P166+, P187+, P207+, P226+, P228+, P230+, P235+, P237+, P239+, P243+, P244+, P281+, P282+, P283+, P284+, P295+, P316+, PAGES00026+, PAGES00081+, PAGES00083+, PF2591+, PF2608+, PF2611+, PF2615+, PF2643+, PF2745+, PF2747+, PF2748+, PF2749+, PF2770+, PF3561+, PF5471+, PF5869+, PF5871+, PF5882+, PF5886+, PF5888+, PF5956+, PF5957+, PF5964+, PF5965+, PF5982+, SK1996+, V1643+, V168+, V1836+, V186+, V189+, V205+, V221+, V241+, V250+, V52+, V9+, Y1972+, Y2642+, Y2660+, Y2662+, Y2709+, Y4798+, Y4800+, Y4801+, Y4811+, Y4851+, Y713+, Y730+, Y732+, Y744+, Y751+, Y767+, Y82058+, YSC0000186+, Z18012+, Z19226+, Z7372+, Z806+, M346+, MEH2+, P36+, M242+, F1893+, L936-, M25-, M323-, P89-, L527-, L529-, L639-, L191-, L245-, L53-, M120-, M19-
N49424 Louis Jean Lienhart, b. 1850 and d. 1938 R-L48 L48+, U106+, L148-, L188-, L44-, L46-, L47-
17932 Andrej Legat, 1687 - 1757 R-M198 M173+, M198+, M207+, SRY10831+, M124-, M157-, M343-, M56-, M87-
19967   R-M269  
22124   R-M269  
22206 Christian Linhart/Lenhart R-M269  
112485 Edward Carl Lenhard, b. 1922 and d. 1991 R-M269  
14935   R-M269  
15237 Johan Peter Lenhart, b.1708, Germany R-M269 M269+
16109 Johan Peter Lenhart 1708 Germany -1774 York Co.,PA R-M269  
236206 Henry Mash, b. 1809 R-M269  
307228 William George Cole, b. 1830 and d. 1908, IL R-M269  
37780   R-M269  
89141 Christian Lenhart, Sr., b. 1721 Germany R-M269  
362500 Vaclav Lenhart, Prague, Czech Republic. R-M512  
319572   R-M512  
23296 Johan Peter Lenhart 1708 Germany, d. PA R-P25 P25+
298065 Leonhardt b1876 Thuringia d1933 Chicago R-Z253 CTS10168+, CTS10362+, CTS10834+, CTS109+, CTS11358+, CTS11468+, CTS11575+, CTS11726+, CTS11985+, CTS12478+, CTS125+, CTS12632+, CTS1996+, CTS2134+, CTS2664+, CTS3063+, CTS3135+, CTS3331+, CTS3358+, CTS3431+, CTS3536+, CTS3575+, CTS3654+, CTS3662+, CTS3868+, CTS3996+, CTS4244+, CTS4364+, CTS4368+, CTS4437+, CTS4443+, CTS4740+, CTS5318+, CTS5457+, CTS5532+, CTS5577+, CTS5884+, CTS6135+, CTS623+, CTS6383+, CTS6800+, CTS6907+, CTS7400+, CTS7659+, CTS7922+, CTS7933+, CTS8243+, CTS8591+, CTS8665+, CTS8728+, CTS8980+, CTS9828+, F1046+, F115+, F1209+, F1302+, F1320+, F1329+, F1704+, F1714+, F1753+, F1767+, F1794+, F180+, F2048+, F2075+, F211+, F2142+, F2155+, F2302+, F2402+, F2587+, F2688+, F2710+, F2837+, F29+, F295+, F2985+, F2993+, F3111+, F313+, F3136+, F33+, F332+, F3335+, F344+, F3556+, F356+, F359+, F3692+, F378+, F4+, F47+, F506+, F556+, F63+, F640+, F647+, F652+, F671+, F719+, F82+, F83+, F93+, L11+, L132+, L15+, L150+, L151+, L16+, L21+, L23+, L265+, L278+, L350+, L388+, L389+, L407+, L468+, L470+, L471+, L478+, L482+, L483+, L498+, L500+, L502+, L506+, L51+, L52+, L585+, L721+, L747+, L752+, L754+, L761+, L768+, L773+, L774+, L779+, L82+, M139+, M168+, M207+, M235+, M294+, M343+, M415+, M42+, M45+, M526+, M89+, M94+, P128+, P131+, P132+, P135+, P136+, P138+, P14+, P141+, P145+, P146+, P148+, P151+, P158+, P159+, P160+, P166+, P187+, P207+, P225+, P226+, P228+, P229+, P230+, P232+, P233+, P235+, P236+, P237+, P238+, P240+, P242+, P243+, P244+, P245+, P280+, P281+, P282+, P283+, P284+, P285+, P286+, P295+, P297+, P305+, P310+, PAGES00026+, PAGES00081+, PAGES00083+, PF1016+, PF1029+, PF1031+, PF1040+, PF1046+, PF1061+, PF1092+, PF1097+, PF110+, PF1203+, PF1269+, PF1276+, PF192+, PF210+, PF212+, PF223+, PF234+, PF258+, PF2591+, PF2593+, PF2599+, PF2608+, PF2611+, PF2615+, PF2624+, PF263+, PF2643+, PF272+, PF2745+, PF2747+, PF2748+, PF2749+, PF2770+, PF278+, PF292+, PF316+, PF325+, PF342+, PF500+, PF5465+, PF5466+, PF5468+, PF5471+, PF5851+, PF5853+, PF5854+, PF5865+, PF5869+, PF5871+, PF5882+, PF5886+, PF5887+, PF5888+, PF5953+, PF5956+, PF5957+, PF5964+, PF5965+, PF5982+, PF6063+, PF6091+, PF6145+, PF6246+, PF6249+, PF6250+, PF6263+, PF6265+, PF6270+, PF6271+, PF6272+, PF6404+, PF6409+, PF6411+, PF6424+, PF6425+, PF6430+, PF6432+, PF6434+, PF6438+, PF6443+, PF6463+, PF6494+, PF6495+, PF6498+, PF6500+, PF6506+, PF6507+, PF6509+, PF6524+, PF667+, PF719+, PF725+, PF779+, PF796+, PF803+, PF815+, PF821+, PF840+, PF844+, PF892+, PF937+, PF951+, PF954+, PF970+, s10+, s3+, V168+, V186+, V189+, V205+, V221+, V241+, V250+, V52+, V9+, YSC0000067+, YSC0000072+, YSC0000075+, YSC0000082+, YSC0000166+, YSC0000176+, YSC0000179+, YSC0000182+, YSC0000186+, YSC0000191+, YSC0000194+, YSC0000201+, YSC0000203+, YSC0000205+, YSC0000207+, YSC0000213+, YSC0000219+, YSC0000224+, YSC0000225+, YSC0000227+, YSC0000230+, YSC0000232+, YSC0000233+, YSC0000251+, YSC0000269+, YSC0000270+, YSC0000279+, YSC0000288+, YSC0000294+, Z253+, Z290+