Howland DNA Project - Y-DNA SNP

The major branch points on our shared paternal lineage trace back through genealogy, history, antiquity, and ancient anthropology to reach our early hominid ancestors who lived in Africa. Recent (terminal) branches may be as recent as ten generations old or several thousand years. Thus, they are an established way to trace the migrations of human populations from the earliest times to the present. The branches on the paternal tree are haplogroups. SNP markers on the Y-Chromosome define them. This page displays Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) SNP results for the project. It shows Y-DNA haplogroups and all SNP results both positive (derived) and negative (ancestral). A plus, +, sign denotes positive results. A negative, -, sign denotes negative results. You may learn more about Y-Chromosome SNPs on the Understanding Y-DNA SNP Results learning page.

Learn more about this page. This page displays project members' Y-DNA haplogroups and SNP results. Predicted haplogroups are in red, and confirmed haplogroups are in green.

* denotes a no call or heterozygous call.

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Kit Number Paternal Ancestor Name Short Hand Confirmed SNPs
109511 bill howland bc1935 eseex uk E-M35  
254579   I-M223  
159230 George Thornton [b. c1806] Wolverton, Bucks, UK I-Y6207 Y6207+
199282 Benjamin Craft b. c.1776 through James F. Craft J-M241 M241+, M280-, M321-, M99-, P84-
248837   R-A9703 A96+, A9701+, A9702+, A9703+, A9704+, A9706+, A9707+, A9708+, BY27761+, BY3070+, CTS10149+, CTS10834+, CTS11985+, CTS12478+, CTS1421+, CTS2466+, CTS2664+, CTS3063+, CTS3229+, CTS3358+, CTS3475+, CTS3575+, CTS3622+, CTS3654+, CTS4244+, CTS4368+, CTS623+, CTS6832+, CTS8627+, F115+, F1209+, F1329+, F1704+, F1714+, F1753+, F1767+, F2048+, F2142+, F2155+, F2402+, F2587+, F2688+, F2837+, F2985+, F3111+, F313+, F3136+, F3335+, F3556+, F3692+, F47+, F719+, F82+, FGC10294+, FGC10301+, FGC10304+, L11+, L132+, L1348+, L1351+, L136+, L15+, L150+, L151+, L16+, L23+, L248+, L265+, L278+, L350+, L388+, L468+, L470+, L48+, L482+, L483+, L498+, L500+, L506+, L51+, L52+, L585+, L747+, L749+, L752+, L753+, L754+, L757+, L760+, L761+, L768+, L773+, L779+, L82+, M168+, M173+, M207+, M213+, M235+, M269+, M294+, M299+, M306+, M343+, M415+, M42+, M45+, M526+, M74+, M89+, M9+, M94+, P128+, P131+, P132+, P133+, P134+, P135+, P136+, P138+, P139+, P14+, P140+, P141+, P143+, P145+, P146+, P148+, P149+, P151+, P157+, P158+, P159+, P160+, P161+, P163+, P166+, P187+, P207+, P224+, P225+, P226+, P228+, P229+, P230+, P231+, P232+, P233+, P234+, P235+, P236+, P237+, P238+, P239+, P242+, P243+, P244+, P245+, P280+, P281+, P282+, P283+, P284+, P285+, P286+, P294+, P295+, P297+, P310+, P311+, P316+, PAGES00026+, PAGES00081+, PAGES00083+, PF2591+, PF2608+, PF2611+, PF2615+, PF2745+, PF2747+, PF2748+, PF2749+, PF2770+, PF5471+, PF5869+, PF5871+, PF5882+, PF5886+, PF5888+, PF5953+, PF5956+, PF5957+, PF5964+, PF5965+, PF5982+, PF6246+, PF6249+, PF6250+, PF6265+, PF6270+, PF6271+, PF6272+, PF6399+, PF6406+, PF6409+, PF6425+, PF6426+, PF6428+, PF6429+, PF6430+, PF6432+, PF6434+, PF6435+, PF6437+, PF6438+, PF6443+, PF6448+, PF6463+, PF6464+, PF6469+, PF6470+, PF6477+, PF6479+, PF6494+, PF6495+, PF6498+, PF6500+, PF6506+, PF6507+, PF6509+, PF6518+, PF6520+, PF6524+, PF6525+, S10415+, s3+, U106+, V186+, V189+, V205+, V221+, V52+, V9+, YSC0000075+, YSC0000082+, YSC0000186+, YSC0000191+, YSC0000224+, YSC0000225+, YSC0000269+, YSC0000288+, Z1+, Z2+, Z20+, Z21+, Z22+, Z2265+, Z24+, Z25+, Z26+, Z28+, Z29+, Z30+, Z31+, Z348+, Z351+, Z4+, Z6+, Z7+, Z8+, Z9+
861275 Henry Howland, b. abt. 1564 and d. 1635 R-A9703 A2594+, A2636+, A2638+, A2662+, A2663+, A2669+, A2674+, A2742+, A2743+, A2744+, A2757+, A2758+, A2779+, A2788+, A2852+, A2855+, A2859+, A2866+, A2870+, A2873+, A2883+, A2906+, A2909+, A2934+, A2943+, A2944+, A2949+, A2950+, A3047+, A3048+, A3071+, A3072+, A3074+, A3081+, A4738+, A4748+, A4763+, A4776+, A5107+, A5111+, A96+, A9701+, A9702+, A9703+, A9704+, A9706+, A9707+, A9708+, BY209189+, BY209190+, BY84126+, CTS10149+, CTS10834+, CTS11985+, CTS12478+, CTS12632+, CTS1421+, CTS2466+, CTS2664+, CTS2886+, CTS2913+, CTS3063+, CTS3135+, CTS3229+, CTS3358+, CTS3475+, CTS3536+, CTS3575+, CTS3622+, CTS3654+, CTS3868+, CTS3996+, CTS4244+, CTS4368+, CTS4437+, CTS4443+, CTS5884+, CTS6135+, CTS623+, CTS6532+, CTS6832+, CTS7650+, CTS8311+, CTS8627+, CTS894+, F115+, F1209+, F1329+, F1704+, F1714+, F1753+, F1767+, F2048+, F2142+, F2155+, F2402+, F2587+, F2688+, F2837+, F2985+, F3111+, F313+, F3136+, F3335+, F3556+, F3692+, F47+, F719+, F82+, FGC10294+, FGC10299+, FGC10301+, FGC10304+, FGC205+, FGC207+, FGC24753+, FGC24761+, FGC24764+, FGC24772+, FGC24775+, FGC24777+, FGC24784+, FGC24792+, FGC24794+, FGC24795+, FGC24800+, FGC24809+, FGC24833+, FGC25066+, FGC25307+, FGC25361+, FGC25366+, FGC25379+, FGC25401+, FGC25420+, FGC25442+, FGC25449+, FGC25452+, FGC25462+, FGC25465+, FGC25470+, FGC25471+, FGC25479+, FGC25505+, FGC25515+, FGC25516+, FGC25524+, FGC25529+, FGC25530+, FGC25532+, FGC25533+, FGC25541+, FGC25543+, FGC25544+, FGC25557+, FGC25559+, FGC25563+, FGC25566+, FGC25571+, FGC25574+, FGC25583+, FGC25588+, FGC25590+, FGC25596+, FGC25610+, FGC25615+, FGC25623+, FGC25644+, FGC25656+, FGC25696+, FGC25706+, FGC25746+, FGC25754+, FGC25771+, FGC25775+, FGC25781+, FGC25789+, FGC25796+, FGC25797+, FGC25803+, FGC25813+, FGC25815+, FGC25829+, FGC25830+, FGC25860+, FGC25866+, FGC25872+, FGC25874+, FGC25887+, FGC25902+, FGC25918+, FGC25921+, FGC25943+, FGC26187+, FGC26188+, FGC26198+, FGC26210+, FGC26235+, FGC26237+, FGC26238+, FGC26254+, FGC26255+, FGC26258+, FGC26267+, FGC26273+, FGC26276+, FGC26280+, FGC26285+, FGC26297+, FGC26309+, FGC26343+, FGC26356+, FGC26368+, FGC26370+, FGC26374+, FGC26375+, FGC26390+, FGC26394+, FGC26406+, FGC26410+, FGC26411+, FGC26423+, FGC26434+, FGC26435+, FGC26439+, FGC26449+, FGC26455+, FGC26462+, FGC26470+, FGC26478+, FGC26480+, FGC26485+, FGC26493+, FGC26514+, FGC26528+, FGC26530+, FGC26531+, FGC26591+, FGC26606+, FGC26619+, FGC26629+, FGC26688+, FGC26832+, FGC26852+, FGC26939+, FGC27007+, FGC27110+, FGC27115+, FGC27118+, FGC27141+, FGC27145+, FGC27146+, FGC27153+, FGC27182+, FGC27185+, FGC27186+, FGC27198+, FGC27200+, FGC27201+, FGC27203+, FGC27206+, FGC27214+, FGC27215+, FGC27217+, FGC27218+, FGC27233+, FGC27234+, FGC27236+, FGC27244+, FGC27249+, FGC27250+, FGC27254+, FGC27257+, FGC27261+, FGC27262+, FGC27281+, FGC27290+, FGC27293+, FGC27337+, FGC27344+, FGC27345+, FGC27348+, FGC27349+, FGC27355+, FGC27360+, FGC27371+, FGC27372+, FGC27408+, FGC27410+, FGC27412+, FGC27431+, FGC27476+, FGC27477+, FGC27481+, FGC27482+, FGC27485+, FGC27486+, FGC27489+, FGC27493+, FGC27496+, FGC27497+, FGC27501+, FGC27502+, FGC27506+, FGC27542+, FGC27555+, FGC27578+, FGC27579+, FGC27583+, FGC27593+, FGC27695+, FGC27698+, FGC27706+, FGC27710+, FGC27728+, FGC27730+, FGC27733+, FGC27736+, FGC27738+, FGC27752+, FGC27764+, FGC27769+, FGC27771+, FGC27774+, FGC27782+, FGC27785+, FGC27791+, FGC27795+, FGC27820+, FGC27826+, FGC27884+, FGC27886+, FGC34961+, FGC3559+, FGC58199+, FGC58200+, FGC58201+, FGC58202+, FGC58206+, FGC58207+, FGC58212+, FGC58217+, FGC76+, FGC77285+, L1089+, L1090+, L1095+, L1098+, L11+, L1101+, L1105+, L1118+, L1120+, L1123+, L1125+, L1129+, L1132+, L1135+, L1136+, L1137+, L1142+, L1143+, L1145+, L1150+, L1155+, L1235+, L132+, L1348+, L1351+, L136+, L15+, L150+, L151+, L16+, L23+, L248+, L265+, L278+, L350+, L388+, L389+, L407+, L468+, L470+, L471+, L478+, L479+, L48+, L482+, L483+, L498+, L500+, L502+, L506+, L51+, L52+, L585+, L747+, L749+, L752+, L753+, L754+, L757+, L760+, L761+, L762+, L768+, L773+, L774+, L779+, L82+, M168+, M173+, M207+, M213+, M235+, M269+, M294+, M299+, M306+, M343+, M415+, M42+, M45+, M526+, M74+, M89+, M9+, M94+, P128+, P131+, P132+, P133+, P134+, P135+, P136+, P138+, P139+, P14+, P140+, P141+, P142+, P143+, P145+, P146+, P148+, P149+, P151+, P157+, P158+, P159+, P160+, P161+, P163+, P166+, P187+, P207+, P224+, P225+, P226+, P227+, P228+, P229+, P230+, P231+, P232+, P233+, P234+, P235+, P236+, P237+, P238+, P239+, P242+, P243+, P244+, P245+, P280+, P281+, P282+, P283+, P284+, P285+, P286+, P294+, P295+, P297+, P310+, P311+, P316+, PAGES00024+, PAGES00026+, PAGES00081+, PAGES00083+, PF2591+, PF2593+, PF2599+, PF2608+, PF2611+, PF2615+, PF2624+, PF2643+, PF2745+, PF2747+, PF2748+, PF2749+, PF2770+, PF3518+, PF3561+, PF5462+, PF5465+, PF5466+, PF5468+, PF5471+, PF5851+, PF5853+, PF5854+, PF5865+, PF5868+, PF5869+, PF5871+, PF5882+, PF5886+, PF5887+, PF5888+, PF5936+, PF5953+, PF5956+, PF5957+, PF5964+, PF5965+, PF5982+, PF6091+, PF6246+, PF6249+, PF6250+, PF6263+, PF6265+, PF6270+, PF6271+, PF6272+, PF6399+, PF6402+, PF6404+, PF6406+, PF6407+, PF6409+, PF6410+, PF6411+, PF6413+, PF6414+, PF6417+, PF6425+, PF6426+, PF6428+, PF6429+, PF6430+, PF6432+, PF6434+, PF6435+, PF6437+, PF6438+, PF6441+, PF6443+, PF6444+, PF6448+, PF6452+, PF6463+, PF6464+, PF6469+, PF6470+, PF6477+, PF6479+, PF6494+, PF6495+, PF6498+, PF6500+, PF6503+, PF6504+, PF6506+, PF6507+, PF6508+, PF6509+, PF6518+, PF6520+, PF6524+, PF6525+, PF6535+, S10415+, s3+, U106+, V168+, V186+, V189+, V205+, V221+, V241+, V250+, V52+, V9+, Y103+, Y104+, Y106+, Y107+, Y125382+, Y418+, Y441+, Y469+, Y4922+, Y94+, Y95+, Y96+, Y97+, YP1735+, YP1775+, YP1802+, YP1807+, YP1812+, YP1814+, YP1820+, YP1827+, YP1829+, YP1830+, YP1831+, YP1839+, YP1854+, YP1873+, YP1915+, YP1958+, YP1964+, YP1965+, YP1967+, YP1969+, YP1970+, YP1974+, YP1975+, YP1976+, YP1977+, YP1979+, YP1980+, YP1981+, YP1982+, YP1983+, YP1984+, YP1985+, YP1989+, YP1990+, YP1991+, YP1992+, YP1993+, YP1995+, YP1998+, YP1999+, YP2002+, YP2003+, YP2005+, YP2006+, YP2007+, YP2008+, YP2009+, YP2011+, YP2012+, YP2015+, YP2016+, YP2017+, YP2018+, YP2020+, YP2022+, YP2023+, YP2024+, YP2025+, YP2026+, YP2028+, YP2031+, YP2032+, YP2035+, YP2037+, YP2041+, YP2044+, YP2045+, YP2046+, YP2047+, YP2051+, YP2053+, YP2058+, YP2060+, YP2062+, YP2067+, YP2068+, YP2069+, YP2070+, YP2071+, YP2072+, YP2073+, YP2076+, YP2079+, YP2080+, YP2130+, YP2152+, YP2153+, YP2180+, YP2190+, YP2191+, YP2192+, YP2193+, YP2205+, YP2235+, YP2237+, YP2238+, YP2239+, YP2240+, YP2241+, YP2242+, YP2243+, YP2244+, YP2245+, YP2251+, YP2252+, YP2255+, YP2257+, YP2258+, YP2259+, YP2261+, YP3894+, YP3895+, YSC0000075+, YSC0000082+, YSC0000186+, YSC0000191+, YSC0000224+, YSC0000225+, YSC0000269+, YSC0000288+, Z1+, Z2+, Z20+, Z2065+, Z22+, Z2265+, Z23513+, Z24+, Z25+, Z26+, Z28+, Z29+, Z3+, Z30+, Z31+, Z32+, Z344+, Z345+, Z348+, Z351+, Z352+, Z381+, Z4+, Z6+, Z7+, Z8+, Z8140+, Z8141+, Z8145+, Z8177+, Z9+, L11+, L151+, L278+, L388+, L389+, L478+, L48+, L51+, PF6404+, PF6414+, PF6535+, L23+, L754+, M269+, P25+, P297+, P310+, P311+, U106+, Y410+, Z8+, A96+, S10415+, L48+, U106+, Z1+, Z20+, Z21+, Z22+, Z24+, Z25+, Z351+, Z352+, Z381+, Z4+, Z5+, Z6+, Z8+, Z29+, Z3+, Z344+, Z8177+, Z9+, ZS174-, Z346-, Z3483-, Z339-, Z340-, Z343-, Z27210-, Z8175-, Z8176-, Z25289-, Y31467-, Y31468-, Z156-, Z18-, Z11-, Z12-, Y20600-, Y22158-, Y8604-, YFS065855-, U198-, Y15631-, Y15633-, Y19921-, Y19922-, M157-, M365-, PF889-, S10024-, S20321-, S20422-, S22194-, S23409-, S26379-, S3262-, S3331-, S3510-, S3511-, S3512-, S5231-, S5235-, S5245-, S5246-, S5627-, S5629-, S5632-, S5633-, S5636-, S6881-, S7297-, S738-, S794-, S9565-, S11610-, S12035-, S12477-, S1355-, S14964-, S16701-, S1718-, S1726-, S1773-, S1774-, S18051-, S18890-, S18951-, Z29799-, Z29802-, Z3000-, Z326-, Z34609-, Z36-, Z367-, Z4161-, Z43-, Z49-, F4239-, FGC11784-, FGC12057-, FGC12058-, FGC12993-, FGC15254-, FGC15256-, FGC17039-, FGC17040-, FGC1954-, FGC29367-, FGC29368-, FGC29405-, FGC35613-, FGC36939-, FGC4161-, FGC42035-, FGC45154-, FGC45158-, FGC5253-, FGC5254-, FGC5264-, L1-, L148-, L179-, L47-, BY118-, BY121-, BY13132-, BY13790-, BY13824-, BY13825-, BY13826-, BY13827-, BY13828-, BY13881-, BY13969-, CTS10742-, CTS1305-, CTS1747-, CTS2319-, CTS3791-, CTS4569-, CTS5601-, CTS7035-, CTS7080-, CTS7238-, CTS7678-, DF101-, DF102-, ZZ12_1-, ZZ19_1-, ZZ7_1-, A11376-, A11377-, A11378-, A2321-, A299-, A300-, A321-, A5616-, A574-, A5890-, A5893-, A687-, A6903-, A6904-, A6906-, A8050-, A9030-, Z156-, Z16433-, Z16434-, Z16437-, Z18-, Z192-, Z195-, Z198-, Z209-, Z2103-, Z2105-, Z2185-, Z225-, Z245-, Z251-, Z253-, Z255-, Z260-, Z290-, Z29758-, Z29764-, Z29765-, Z29766-, Z29767-, Z29782-, U152-, U198-, V1636-, V88-, P312-, PF6289-, M697-, M73-, M12149-, M222-, L238-, PF7559-, PF7560-, PF7562-, PF7564-, PF7566-, PF7568-, PF7572-, PF7573-, PF7575-, PH155-, PH2558-, PH4238-, S1026-, S1051-, S3058-, S5668-, S588-, S5982-, S6365-, S691-, S764-, L513-, L555-, L459-, L47-, L2-, L21-, L226-, CTS9416-, DF19-, DF21-, DF25-, A11710-, A11711-, A11712-, A15807-, A15808-, A15809-, A223-, A259-, A431-, BY16680-, BY16690-, BY16692-, BY16696-, BY16698-, BY16699-, BY1713-, BY18740-, BY2285-, CTS12684-, CTS4466-, DF41-, DF49-, DF63-, DF85-, DF96-, DF98-, DF99-, FGC20747-, FGC20764-, FGC31923-, FGC31929-, FGC31939-, FGC4077-, FGC4133-, FGC42003-, FGC42006-, FGC42011-, FGC5494-, FGC5780-, FGC8739-, GG445-, GG460-, L1065-, FGC3861*, CTS5330*, DF27*, M343*, Y31466*, Z29784*, F1636*, S19425*, Y20370*, Z13*, Z26*, Z338*
B587043   R-A9703 A2594+, A2606+, A2636+, A2638+, A2662+, A2663+, A2669+, A2674+, A2742+, A2743+, A2744+, A2757+, A2758+, A2779+, A2788+, A2852+, A2855+, A2859+, A2866+, A2870+, A2873+, A2883+, A2906+, A2909+, A2934+, A2943+, A2944+, A2949+, A2950+, A3047+, A3071+, A3072+, A3074+, A3081+, A4738+, A4748+, A4763+, A4776+, A5107+, A5111+, A96+, A9701+, A9702+, A9704+, A9706+, A9707+, A9708+, BY11752+, BY14943+, BY209189+, BY209190+, BY4298+, BY84126+, CTS10149+, CTS10834+, CTS11985+, CTS12325+, CTS12478+, CTS12632+, CTS1421+, CTS1907+, CTS2466+, CTS2664+, CTS2913+, CTS3063+, CTS3135+, CTS3229+, CTS3316+, CTS3358+, CTS3446+, CTS3475+, CTS3509+, CTS3536+, CTS3575+, CTS3622+, CTS3654+, CTS3697+, CTS3775+, CTS3813+, CTS3868+, CTS3996+, CTS4244+, CTS4368+, CTS4437+, CTS4443+, CTS5673+, CTS5884+, CTS6135+, CTS623+, CTS6532+, CTS6832+, CTS7295+, CTS7650+, CTS8311+, CTS8626+, CTS8627+, CTS894+, F115+, F1209+, F1329+, F1704+, F1714+, F1753+, F1767+, F2048+, F2142+, F2155+, F2402+, F2587+, F2688+, F2837+, F2985+, F3111+, F313+, F3136+, F3335+, F3556+, F3561+, F3692+, F47+, F719+, F773+, F82+, FGC10294+, FGC10299+, FGC10301+, FGC10304+, FGC205+, FGC2050+, FGC2055+, FGC207+, FGC212+, FGC216+, FGC221+, FGC24753+, FGC24755+, FGC24761+, FGC24763+, FGC24764+, FGC24772+, FGC24775+, FGC24777+, FGC24784+, FGC24792+, FGC24794+, FGC24795+, FGC24800+, FGC24809+, FGC24833+, FGC25066+, FGC25094+, FGC25224+, FGC25307+, FGC25361+, FGC25366+, FGC25379+, FGC25401+, FGC25420+, FGC25442+, FGC25449+, FGC25452+, FGC25462+, FGC25465+, FGC25470+, FGC25471+, FGC25479+, FGC25505+, FGC25515+, FGC25516+, FGC25524+, FGC25529+, FGC25530+, FGC25532+, FGC25533+, FGC25541+, FGC25543+, FGC25544+, FGC25557+, FGC25559+, FGC25563+, FGC25566+, FGC25571+, FGC25574+, FGC25583+, FGC25588+, FGC25590+, FGC25596+, FGC25610+, FGC25615+, FGC25623+, FGC25644+, FGC25656+, FGC25696+, FGC25706+, FGC25746+, FGC25754+, FGC25771+, FGC25775+, FGC25781+, FGC25789+, FGC25796+, FGC25797+, FGC25803+, FGC25813+, FGC25815+, FGC25829+, FGC25830+, FGC25860+, FGC25866+, FGC25872+, FGC25874+, FGC25887+, FGC25902+, FGC25918+, FGC25921+, FGC25943+, FGC26187+, FGC26188+, FGC26198+, FGC26210+, FGC26235+, FGC26237+, FGC26238+, FGC26254+, FGC26255+, FGC26258+, FGC26267+, FGC26273+, FGC26276+, FGC26280+, FGC26285+, FGC26297+, FGC26309+, FGC26343+, FGC26356+, FGC26368+, FGC26370+, FGC26374+, FGC26375+, FGC26390+, FGC26394+, FGC26406+, FGC26410+, FGC26411+, FGC26423+, FGC26434+, FGC26435+, FGC26439+, FGC26449+, FGC26455+, FGC26462+, FGC26467+, FGC26470+, FGC26478+, FGC26480+, FGC26485+, FGC26493+, FGC26514+, FGC26528+, FGC26530+, FGC26531+, FGC26591+, FGC26606+, FGC26619+, FGC26629+, FGC26688+, FGC26738+, FGC26779+, FGC26832+, FGC26835+, FGC26852+, FGC26939+, FGC27007+, FGC27037+, FGC27110+, FGC27115+, FGC27118+, FGC27141+, FGC27145+, FGC27146+, FGC27153+, FGC27182+, FGC27185+, FGC27186+, FGC27198+, FGC27200+, FGC27201+, FGC27203+, FGC27206+, FGC27214+, FGC27215+, FGC27217+, FGC27218+, FGC27233+, FGC27234+, FGC27236+, FGC27244+, FGC27247+, FGC27249+, FGC27250+, FGC27254+, FGC27257+, FGC27261+, FGC27262+, FGC27281+, FGC27290+, FGC27293+, FGC27337+, FGC27344+, FGC27345+, FGC27348+, FGC27349+, FGC27355+, FGC27358+, FGC27360+, FGC27371+, FGC27372+, FGC27408+, FGC27410+, FGC27412+, FGC27431+, FGC27476+, FGC27477+, FGC27481+, FGC27482+, FGC27485+, FGC27486+, FGC27489+, FGC27493+, FGC27496+, FGC27497+, FGC27501+, FGC27502+, FGC27506+, FGC27542+, FGC27555+, FGC27578+, FGC27579+, FGC27583+, FGC27593+, FGC27695+, FGC27698+, FGC27706+, FGC27710+, FGC27728+, FGC27730+, FGC27733+, FGC27736+, FGC27738+, FGC27752+, FGC27764+, FGC27769+, FGC27771+, FGC27774+, FGC27782+, FGC27785+, FGC27791+, FGC27795+, FGC27820+, FGC27826+, FGC27884+, FGC27886+, FGC58199+, FGC58201+, FGC58206+, FGC58207+, FGC58212+, FGC58217+, FGC76+, FGC7686+, FGC77285+, FGC79163+, FT232712+, FT232713+, FT232714+, FT232715+, FT232716+, FT2382+, FT2384+, FT2385+, FT2386+, FT2387+, FT2388+, FT3310+, FT3311+, FT3312+, FT3313+, FT3314+, FT3315+, FT3316+, FT3317+, FT48466+, FT90206+, FT90208+, FT90209+, FT90210+, FT90211+, FT90212+, FT90214+, FT90215+, FT90216+, FT90217+, FT90218+, L1013+, L1089+, L1090+, L1093+, L1095+, L1098+, L1099+, L11+, L1101+, L1105+, L1116+, L1118+, L1120+, L1121+, L1123+, L1124+, L1125+, L1127+, L1128+, L1129+, L1130.1+, L1132+, L1135+, L1136+, L1137+, L1142+, L1143+, L1145+, L1150+, L1155+, L1185+, L132+, L1348+, L1351+, L136+, L1462+, L1480+, L1492+, L15+, L150+, L151+, L16+, L23+, L248+, L265+, L268+, L278+, L313+, L350+, L352+, L388+, L389+, L407+, L468+, L470+, L471+, L478+, L479+, L48+, L482+, L483+, L498+, L500+, L502+, L51+, L52+, L536+, L543+, L585+, L721+, L747+, L749+, L752+, L753+, L754+, L757+, L761+, L762+, L768+, L773+, L774+, L779+, L781+, L82+, L851+, M11839+, M1191+, M1208+, M168+, M173+, M207+, M213+, M235+, M269+, M294+, M299+, M306+, M343+, M3694+, M415+, M42+, M45+, M526+, M5578+, M5590+, M5593+, M5594+, M5595+, M5597+, M5601+, M5605+, M5606+, M5607+, M5609+, M5610+, M5612+, M5613+, 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YP1999+, YP2002+, YP2003+, YP2005+, YP2006+, YP2007+, YP2008+, YP2009+, YP2011+, YP2012+, YP2015+, YP2016+, YP2017+, YP2018+, YP2020+, YP2022+, YP2023+, YP2024+, YP2025+, YP2026+, YP2028+, YP2031+, YP2032+, YP2035+, YP2037+, YP2041+, YP2044+, YP2045+, YP2046+, YP2047+, YP2051+, YP2053+, YP2058+, YP2060+, YP2062+, YP2067+, YP2068+, YP2069+, YP2070+, YP2071+, YP2072+, YP2073+, YP2076+, YP2079+, YP2080+, YP2130+, YP2131+, YP2132+, YP2152+, YP2153+, YP2158+, YP2180+, YP2181+, YP2182+, YP2190+, YP2191+, YP2192+, YP2193+, YP2205+, YP2235+, YP2237+, YP2238+, YP2239+, YP2240+, YP2241+, YP2242+, YP2243+, YP2244+, YP2245+, YP2247+, YP2249+, YP2251+, YP2252+, YP2254+, YP2255+, YP2257+, YP2258+, YP2259+, YP2260+, YP2261+, YP3894+, YP3895+, YSC0000075+, YSC0000082+, YSC0000186+, YSC0000191+, YSC0000224+, YSC0000225+, YSC0000269+, YSC0000288+, Z1+, Z17703+, Z17705+, Z17708+, Z17709+, Z17711+, Z17712+, Z2+, Z20+, Z22+, Z24+, Z25+, Z26+, Z28+, Z29+, Z3+, Z30+, Z31+, Z344+, Z345+, Z348+, Z351+, Z352+, Z381+, Z4+, Z6+, Z7+, Z8+, Z8140+, Z8141+, Z8145+, Z8177+, Z9+, A9703+
28588 Benjamin Tucker Howland, b.Dec 1778 R-BY32636 A2594+, A2636+, A2638+, A2662+, A2663+, A2669+, A2674+, A2742+, A2743+, A2744+, A2757+, A2758+, A2779+, A2788+, A2852+, A2855+, A2859+, A2866+, A2870+, A2873+, A2883+, A2906+, A2909+, A2934+, A2943+, A2944+, A2949+, A2950+, A3047+, A3048+, A3071+, A3072+, A3074+, A3081+, A4738+, A4748+, A4763+, A4776+, A5111+, A7385+, BY1049+, BY1058+, BY1067+, BY1111+, BY1175+, BY1177+, BY1189+, BY1211+, BY1364+, BY1376+, BY1380+, BY1467+, BY1717+, BY1720+, BY19266+, BY19267+, BY19268+, BY19270+, BY19271+, BY19272+, BY19274+, BY19275+, BY19276+, BY19278+, BY209189+, BY209190+, BY2114+, BY2533+, BY32636+, BY32637+, BY32638+, BY32640+, BY32644+, BY53503+, BY84126+, BY863+, BY968+, CTS10149+, CTS10834+, CTS11985+, CTS12478+, CTS12632+, CTS12684+, CTS1421+, CTS2466+, CTS2664+, CTS2913+, CTS3063+, CTS3135+, CTS3229+, CTS3358+, CTS3475+, CTS3536+, CTS3575+, CTS3622+, CTS3654+, CTS3868+, CTS3996+, CTS4244+, CTS4368+, CTS4437+, CTS4443+, CTS5884+, CTS6135+, CTS623+, CTS6532+, CTS6832+, CTS7650+, CTS8311+, CTS8627+, CTS894+, F115+, F1209+, F1329+, F1704+, F1714+, F1753+, F1767+, F2048+, F2142+, F2155+, F2402+, F2587+, F2688+, F2837+, F2985+, F3111+, F313+, F3136+, F3335+, F3556+, F3692+, F47+, F719+, F82+, FGC11445+, FGC205+, FGC207+, FGC24753+, FGC24761+, FGC24764+, FGC24772+, FGC24775+, FGC24777+, FGC24784+, FGC24792+, FGC24794+, FGC24795+, FGC24800+, FGC24809+, FGC24833+, FGC25066+, FGC25307+, FGC25361+, FGC25366+, FGC25379+, FGC25401+, FGC25420+, FGC25442+, FGC25449+, FGC25452+, FGC25462+, FGC25465+, FGC25470+, FGC25471+, FGC25479+, FGC25505+, FGC25515+, FGC25516+, FGC25524+, FGC25529+, FGC25530+, FGC25532+, FGC25533+, FGC25541+, FGC25543+, FGC25544+, FGC25557+, FGC25559+, FGC25563+, FGC25566+, FGC25571+, FGC25574+, FGC25583+, FGC25588+, FGC25590+, FGC25596+, FGC25610+, FGC25615+, FGC25623+, FGC25644+, FGC25656+, FGC25696+, FGC25706+, FGC25746+, FGC25754+, FGC25771+, FGC25775+, FGC25781+, FGC25789+, FGC25796+, FGC25797+, FGC25803+, FGC25813+, FGC25815+, FGC25829+, FGC25830+, FGC25860+, FGC25866+, FGC25872+, FGC25874+, FGC25887+, FGC25902+, FGC25918+, FGC25921+, FGC25943+, FGC26187+, FGC26188+, FGC26198+, FGC26210+, FGC26235+, FGC26237+, FGC26238+, FGC26254+, FGC26255+, FGC26258+, FGC26267+, FGC26273+, FGC26276+, FGC26280+, FGC26285+, FGC26297+, FGC26309+, FGC26343+, FGC26356+, FGC26368+, FGC26370+, FGC26374+, FGC26375+, FGC26390+, FGC26394+, FGC26406+, FGC26410+, FGC26411+, FGC26423+, FGC26434+, FGC26435+, FGC26439+, FGC26449+, FGC26455+, FGC26462+, FGC26470+, FGC26478+, FGC26480+, FGC26485+, FGC26493+, FGC26514+, FGC26528+, FGC26530+, FGC26531+, FGC26591+, FGC26606+, FGC26619+, FGC26629+, FGC26688+, FGC26832+, FGC26852+, FGC26939+, FGC27007+, FGC27110+, FGC27115+, FGC27118+, FGC27141+, FGC27145+, FGC27146+, FGC27153+, FGC27182+, FGC27185+, FGC27186+, FGC27198+, FGC27200+, FGC27201+, FGC27203+, FGC27206+, FGC27214+, FGC27215+, FGC27217+, FGC27218+, FGC27233+, FGC27234+, FGC27236+, FGC27244+, FGC27249+, FGC27250+, FGC27254+, FGC27257+, FGC27261+, FGC27262+, FGC27281+, FGC27290+, FGC27293+, FGC27337+, FGC27344+, FGC27345+, FGC27348+, FGC27349+, FGC27355+, FGC27360+, FGC27371+, FGC27372+, FGC27408+, FGC27410+, FGC27412+, FGC27431+, FGC27476+, FGC27477+, FGC27481+, FGC27482+, FGC27485+, FGC27486+, FGC27489+, FGC27493+, FGC27496+, FGC27497+, FGC27501+, FGC27502+, FGC27506+, FGC27542+, FGC27555+, FGC27578+, FGC27579+, FGC27583+, FGC27593+, FGC27695+, FGC27698+, FGC27706+, FGC27710+, FGC27728+, FGC27730+, FGC27733+, FGC27736+, FGC27738+, FGC27752+, FGC27764+, FGC27769+, FGC27771+, FGC27774+, FGC27782+, FGC27785+, FGC27791+, FGC27795+, FGC27820+, FGC27826+, FGC27884+, FGC27886+, FGC76+, FGC78762+, FT11507+, FT11557+, FT11613+, FT11619+, FT11684+, FT11849+, FT11902+, FT11911+, FT12068+, FT12204+, FT12220+, FT12516+, FT13035+, FT13899+, FT14011+, FT14221+, L1089+, L1090+, L1095+, L1098+, L11+, L1101+, L1105+, L1118+, L1120+, L1123+, L1125+, L1129+, L1132+, L1135+, L1136+, L1137+, L1142+, L1143+, L1145+, L1150+, L1155+, L1235+, L132+, L1348+, L1351+, L136+, L15+, L150+, L151+, L16+, L23+, L248+, L265+, L278+, L350+, L388+, L389+, L407+, L468+, L470+, L471+, L478+, L479+, L482+, L483+, L498+, L500+, L502+, L506+, L51+, L52+, L585+, L747+, L749+, L752+, L753+, L754+, L757+, L760+, L761+, L762+, L768+, L773+, L774+, L779+, L82+, L881+, M168+, M173+, M207+, M213+, M235+, M269+, M294+, M299+, M306+, M343+, M415+, M42+, M45+, M526+, M74+, M89+, M9+, M94+, P128+, P131+, P132+, P133+, P134+, P135+, P136+, P138+, P139+, P14+, P140+, P141+, P142+, P143+, P145+, P146+, P148+, P149+, P151+, P157+, P158+, P159+, P160+, P161+, P163+, P166+, P187+, P207+, P224+, P225+, P226+, P227+, P228+, P229+, P230+, P231+, P232+, P233+, P234+, P235+, P236+, P237+, P238+, P239+, P242+, P243+, P244+, P245+, P280+, P281+, P282+, P283+, P284+, P285+, P286+, P294+, P295+, P297+, P310+, P311+, P312+, P316+, PAGES00024+, PAGES00026+, PAGES00081+, PAGES00083+, PF2591+, PF2593+, PF2599+, PF2608+, PF2611+, PF2615+, PF2624+, PF2643+, PF2745+, PF2747+, PF2748+, PF2749+, PF2770+, PF3518+, PF3561+, PF5465+, PF5466+, PF5468+, PF5471+, PF5851+, PF5853+, PF5854+, PF5865+, PF5868+, PF5869+, PF5871+, PF5882+, PF5886+, PF5887+, PF5888+, PF5936+, PF5953+, PF5956+, PF5957+, PF5964+, PF5965+, PF5982+, PF6002+, PF6091+, PF6246+, PF6249+, PF6250+, PF6263+, PF6265+, PF6270+, PF6271+, PF6272+, PF6399+, PF6402+, PF6404+, PF6406+, PF6407+, PF6409+, PF6410+, PF6411+, PF6413+, PF6414+, PF6417+, PF6425+, PF6426+, PF6428+, PF6429+, PF6430+, PF6432+, PF6434+, PF6435+, PF6437+, PF6438+, PF6441+, PF6443+, PF6444+, PF6448+, PF6452+, PF6463+, PF6464+, PF6469+, PF6470+, PF6477+, PF6479+, PF6494+, PF6495+, PF6498+, PF6500+, PF6503+, PF6506+, PF6507+, PF6509+, PF6518+, PF6520+, PF6524+, PF6525+, PF6535+, PR4859+, s3+, V168+, V186+, V189+, V205+, V221+, V241+, V250+, V52+, V9+, Y103+, Y104+, Y106+, Y107+, Y125382+, Y159332+, Y418+, Y469+, Y4922+, Y94+, Y95+, Y96+, Y97+, YP1735+, YP1775+, YP1802+, YP1807+, YP1812+, YP1814+, YP1820+, YP1827+, YP1829+, YP1830+, YP1831+, YP1839+, YP1854+, YP1873+, YP1915+, YP1958+, YP1964+, YP1965+, YP1967+, YP1969+, YP1970+, YP1974+, YP1975+, YP1976+, YP1977+, YP1979+, YP1980+, YP1981+, YP1982+, YP1983+, YP1984+, YP1985+, YP1989+, YP1990+, YP1991+, YP1992+, YP1993+, YP1995+, YP1998+, YP1999+, YP2002+, YP2003+, YP2005+, YP2006+, YP2007+, YP2008+, YP2009+, YP2011+, YP2012+, YP2015+, YP2016+, YP2017+, YP2018+, YP2020+, YP2022+, YP2023+, YP2024+, YP2025+, YP2026+, YP2028+, YP2031+, YP2032+, YP2035+, YP2037+, YP2041+, YP2044+, YP2045+, YP2046+, YP2047+, YP2051+, YP2053+, YP2058+, YP2060+, YP2062+, YP2067+, YP2068+, YP2069+, YP2070+, YP2071+, YP2072+, YP2073+, YP2076+, YP2079+, YP2080+, YP2130+, YP2152+, YP2153+, YP2180+, YP2190+, YP2191+, YP2192+, YP2193+, YP2205+, YP2235+, YP2237+, YP2238+, YP2239+, YP2240+, YP2241+, YP2242+, YP2243+, YP2244+, YP2245+, YP2251+, YP2252+, YP2255+, YP2257+, YP2258+, YP2259+, YP2261+, YP3865+, YP3894+, YP3895+, YSC0000075+, YSC0000082+, YSC0000186+, YSC0000191+, YSC0000224+, YSC0000225+, YSC0000269+, YSC0000288+, Z2065+, Z8140+, Z8141+, Z8145+
26754   R-M173  
93435 Arthur Howland, son of Henry R-M269  
26093 Henry Howland thru son Pilgrim John Howland R-M269  
26097 Henry Howland-Zoeth R-M269  
28646 Henry, son of Henry Howland, Fenstanton, England R-M269  
28938 Henry Howland, Fenstanton, England, d. 1635 R-M269  
326907   R-M269  
37929 Henry Howland b.1564 - d. 1635 thru son Henry R-M269  
49500 Henry Howland b. 1564 - d. 1635 thru son Henry R-M269  
54390   R-M269  
63563 Benjamin Howland, b. 1800 MA and d. 1871 KY R-M269  
214325 Henry Howland thru son Pilgrim John Howland R-M269  
137338 Juan Howland Heck R-M269 M269+
181889   R-M269  
187029   R-M269  
19548 Henry Howland thru son Pilgrim John Howland R-M269  
81610   R-M512  
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