Our Three Basic Tests

We offer three basic types of tests: Family Finder (autosomal DNA), Y-DNA, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA).

Note: Click on the blue boxes () below for information on [...]

What is the geographic and historic origin of my mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup?

The following descriptions provide brief overviews of each main mtDNA haplogroup’s origin and geographic distribution.
Haplogroup A
Haplogroup A is found in eastern Eurasia [...]

How do I know which of my heteroplasmic values is ancestral (original) and which is derived (new)?

To find which version of a heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) result is original and which is newer, you need to test other descendants of [...]

From which “Daughter of Eve” do I descend?

The Daughters of Eve are named after some of the major haplogroups, but the names are arbitrary. The names usually begin with the same [...]

How do I tell how closely I am related to a mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) match?

The closeness of a mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) match depends on the matching level. Matches at higher levels are more likely to be recent. The [...]

How do I find the genealogical connection with my mtDNA match?

The only way to find a connection with your match is by comparing your genealogies. In many cultures, women changed names with marriage. Therefore, [...]