What are mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups?

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups are the major branches in our common maternal lineage. Your [...]

What are the parts of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)? What are HVR1 and HVR2? What is the Coding Region?

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has two major parts, the control region and the coding region.

The [...]

I am looking at my mtDNA – Ancestral Origins page. Why are so many different countries listed?

If you show many different locations for your HVR1 MATCHES and/or HVR1 AND HVR2 MATCHES results on the [...]

On which results pages of my myFTDNA account will I find information about my direct maternal (mitochondrial DNA) lineage?

There are several tools that will help you answer this question for your direct [...]

What is my direct maternal (mitochondrial DNA) ancestry?

The historic geographic origin of your direct maternal line based on your mitochondrial DNA [...]

Why do mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) matches include both men and women?

A mother passes on her mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to both her daughters and sons. [...]

What is the direct maternal lineage?

Your direct maternal lineage is the line that follows your mother’s maternal ancestry. With [...]