We offer three basic types of tests: Family Finder (autosomal DNA), Y-DNA, and mitochondrial DNA [...]
The following descriptions provide brief overviews of each main mtDNA haplogroup’s origin and geographic [...]
To find which version of a heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) result is original and [...]
The Daughters of Eve are named after some of the major haplogroups, but the [...]
The closeness of a mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) match depends on the matching level. Matches [...]
The only way to find a connection with your match is by comparing your [...]
Yes. There are two exceptions to the alphanumeric naming of mitochondrial haplogroups. The first is [...]
Will my mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) results show me admixture percentages for ancestry from different lines?
No, because mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is inherited exclusively from your direct maternal line, it [...]
All mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations go through a state of heteroplasmy. The frequency of [...]
In each generation, it is possible for the child to inherit the heteroplasmic genome, [...]
Every human cell contains hundreds of mitochondria. Each mitochondrion in a cell contains multiple [...]
There is an mtDNA section in Family Tree DNA’s Forums.
To find connections in recent times, it is necessary to find and test multiple [...]
No. Mothers only pass on those mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations they inherited from their [...]
Yes so far, all direct maternal (mitochondrial DNA) lineages of women alive today trace [...]
How does the formation of the human egg cell change the frequency of an mtDNA heteroplasmic mutation?
At one point during the process by which the egg cell is produced (oogenesis), [...]
In general, scientists name mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups according to their major branch with [...]
As a genealogist, do I really need to understand all of this complex information about mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in order to use it for my research?
No. As a genealogist, you may focus on a few basic rules. These will [...]
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) testing covers both recent and distant generations.
Matching on HVR1 means that [...]
You will know that one of your mutations or differences from the RSRS is [...]