Our Family Finder test has four primary categories of matches:  Immediate, Close, Distant, and Speculative.

Immediate Match Relationship Ranges

Most people will have one of these relationship ranges listed with their Immediate Matches. Some ranges may include multiple relationship types because of the amount of cM shared in common is similar among those types of relationships.

Parent/Child - Our closest match is that between a parent and a child. Identical twins may also show up as parent/child.

Parent/Child, Full Sibling – The match is most likely a parent and child but may actually be full siblings and share both a mother and father in common.

Full Siblings, Half Siblings, Grandparent/Grandchild – The likely relationship is still a full sibling but has a broader relationship range. The possible relationships include half sibling and grandparent/grandchild relationships.

Full Siblings, Half Siblings, Grandparent/Grandchild, Aunt/Niece or Uncle/Nephew – The most likely relationships are either half-siblingship or grandparent/grandchild. The relationship may also be that of an aunt or uncle or a niece or nephew.

Half Siblings, Grandparent/Grandchild, Aunt/Niece or Uncle/Nephew – The most likely relationship is that of aunt/niece or uncle/nephew, but possible relationships include half sibling and grandparent/grandchild.

Close Match Relationship Ranges

1st Cousin, Half Siblings, Grandparent/Grandchild,  Aunt/Niece or Uncle/Nephew – The most likely relationship is 1st cousin, but relationships between half sibling and aunt/niece or uncle/nephew are possible.

1st Cousin, Aunt/Niece or Uncle/Nephew – The most likely relationship is 1st cousin. This may also be a more distant Aunt/Niece or Uncle/Nephew match.

1st Cousin – 2nd Cousin – The most likely relationship between you and your match is that of 2th cousin, but the relationship may be between 1st and 2nd cousins. It is important to examine the full range of possible relationships when comparing genealogical records.

1st Cousin – 3rd Cousin – The most likely relationship between you and your match is that of 2nd cousin, but the relationship may be between 1st and 3rd cousins. It is important to examine the full range of possible relationships when comparing genealogical records.

2nd Cousin – 3rd Cousin – The most likely relationship between you and your match is that of 2nd cousin, but the relationship may be between 2nd and 3rd cousins. It is important to examine the full range of possible relationships when comparing genealogical records.

Distant Match Relationship Ranges

2nd Cousin – 4th Cousin – The most likely relationship between you and your match is that of 3rd cousin, but the relationship may be between 2nd and 4th cousins. It is important to examine the full range of possible relationships when comparing genealogical records.

3rd Cousin – 5th Cousin – The most likely relationship between you and your match is that of 4th cousin, but the relationship may be between 3rd and 5th cousins. It is important to examine the full range of possible relationships when comparing genealogical records.

Speculative Match Relationship Ranges

4th Cousin – Remote Cousin – You share a significant number of Identical by Descent (IBD) blocks with your match. However, your relationship extends beyond the confidence interval recommended by our Advisory team. Your relationship may be as close as 4th cousins. It may also be as remote as 20th cousins. It is best for you to use the Speculative Relatives category to evaluate matches between known cousins. You might also find it useful when many family members share the same suggested relationship to a remote cousin.

5th Cousin – Remote Cousin – You share a significant number of Identical by Descent (IBD) blocks with your match. However, your relationship extends beyond the confidence interval recommended by our Advisory team. In some cases, your relationship may be as close as 5th cousins. It may also be as remote as 20th cousins. It is best for you to use the Speculative Relatives category to evaluate matches between known cousins. You might also find it useful when many family members share the same suggested relationship to a remote cousin.