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About us

Originally conceived as the Wales Surname Cluster by Russell Smith and later changed to the R-17-14-10 Project to reflect the three allele modal for that group.

   The R-17-14-10 has now mutated from a single modal study of L21+ results into a multi project study of unique allele haplotypes that occur in the and Irish Isles.

   Unless identified otherwise, all the subgroups are snp tested or predicted to at least R-L21+ and represent early Isles natives who developed in situ (on site) and have made their results available for research.

   Some, like the L144+ subgroup appear to be very old, with a mathematically predicted range of two centuries.

Subgroups with a known snp.

Modal 1, R-L371+                   Represents an early Briton (Celtic?) group found heavily today in Wales and scattered across south England.

Modal 33-a,b,c R-L144+         Represents what may be a genetic signature of Irish Viking allies who migrated to the Wirral (Liverpool) UK area around 902 AD.

Modal 41, R-L21+ (no snp)     Represents a clade found in mid , and possibly . Possibly connected with snp L193+/S176+

Modal R-L193+                       Not represented. Currently charted by Mike W.

Team Mag Uidhir R-L69+        Represents a faction of Brad McGuire’s Airghialla 2 clade of the Irish Middle Dynasties region. Possibly a connection with an Irish Priestly Class.

Ungrouped.                              The ungrouped group is a work in progress.

Other haplogroups                    Also a work in progress.

See the Google Map for ancestral locations of snp’s L371, L144 and L193      

Link to Map: