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About us

The Lumbee Tribe Regional DNA Project in conjunction with the extensive genealogical research resources of the Huxford Genealogical Society and other Lumbee researchers will help determine (and prove) whether a participant is a descendant of a Lumbee Tribe ancestor.

Surname genetic testing is the newest tool available to genealogists. The genetic genealogy tests verify a person's direct paternal or maternal ancestry in a quick and easy way. These tests save time, prevent mistakes and provide invaluable data for genealogists that can not be otherwise obtained.

The Lumbee Tribe was once known as the Cheraws and they were originally from the Danville, Virginia area prior to 1703 (see "The Only Land I Know: A History of the Lumbee Indians", by Adolph L. Dial and David K. Eliades). In 1703 they left Danville and settled in what became known as the Cheraws District of South Carolina (present day Chesterfield Co., South Carolina). Later in the middle 1700s, the Cheraws located in the Robeson Co., North Carolina area. In 1885, the North Carolina General Assembly recognized the Indians of Robeson County by the name of Croatoan. In 1911, the North Carolina General Assembly changed the name of the tribe to "Indians of Robeson County" and then in 1913 changed the tribe name again to "Cherokee Indians of Robeson County." In 1952, the tribe voted to adopt the name Lumbee, and in 1956 the U.S. Congress officially recognized the tribe name change to Lumbee, but Congress did NOT provide the tribe with full federal recognition and all the associated rights provided via such recognition.

In one form or another, the U.S. Congress has deliberated on the status of the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina for more than 100 years. Congress and the Department of the Interior have repeatedly examined the tribe's identity and history and have consistently found the tribe to be an Indian community dating back to the time of first white contact. However, the Lumbee Tribe remains in a state of limbo, due to the lack of full federal recognition. The tribe continues its efforts to obtain full federal recognition from Congress. You can view information concerning Lumbee Tribe history, the federal recognition issue, tribe membership, etc. via the Lumbee Tribe Official Web site (

The 60,000+ current members of the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina reside primarily in Robeson, Hoke and Scotland counties. The Lumbee Tribe is the largest tribe in North Carolina, the largest tribe east of the Mississippi River and the ninth largest in the nation. The Lumbee take their name from the Lumber River which winds its way through Robeson County. They are a people in which the Indian strain is very strong, yet, they so thoroughly adopted the white man's lifestyle several centuries ago, that they can no longer point to any significant Indian culture. They are a proud people who have their own central community of Pembroke, North Carolina, who own land and excel as farmers, established their own churches, schools and businesses. They have never been placed on reservations, nor have they been wards of either the state or the federal government. They are a people who have fought, and are still willing to fight for their rights.