Craig McKie has shared some links to books that a number of members have expressed the wish to find:
<The Book of McKee>
<History of the House and Clan of MacKay>
<Surnames of Kirkcudbrightshire>
Of interest to all:
From: Bill Howard (McLean, VA)
Use the links below to go to the papers I have been writing and phylogenetic trees I
have derived using correlation techniques to analyze the DNA results of pairs of 37-
marker Y-Chromosome strings. The status of each paper is given.
This published paper introduces the technique and derives a calibrated time scale.
This paper shows how a correlation analysis using the technique can show the
evolution of surnames from subclusters to clusters to interclusters that takes place
over several thousand years and how the time scale might serve as a future vehicle
to link more closely together the time scales of genealogy, migration patterns,
linguistic patterns, geology, archeology, anthropology and paleontology. The
derived time scale may be useful to investigate the origin of haplotypes and
haplogroups from the most recent ice age back to the date of our origins in Africa.
• Frequently Asked Questions – FAQ See:
This site contains a group of Frequently Asked Questions designed to show why the
correlation approach should be used in conjunction with the more traditional
approaches to Y-DNA analysis. It points out several advantages that the correlation
approach has over the traditional approach because of the valuable insight it
affords into the evolution of haplotypes. It also addresses points related to my
Tei Gordon and I have submitted a paper on the Gordon surname to the Journal of
Genetic Genealogy. It has been refereed and accepted and will be published in the
Journal of Genetic Genealogy (JoGG) at the same time as the next paper.
Fred Schwab and I have submitted a paper that describes using Mathematica to
make a phylogenetic tree, and it is applied to the Gordon surname. It has been
refereed and accepted and will be published in the Journal of Genetic Genealogy
(JoGG) at the same time as the paper above.
John McLaughlin and I have published a paper in the journal, Familia, published
by the Irish Historical Foundation in its 2011 edition that investigates the M222
SNP. The phylogenetic tree in this paper can be found at:
Bill Howard (McLean, VA), Robert Kee (Belfast, N. Ireland), and David McFarland (Ayr, Scotland) have collaborated to produce a genealogical pedigree of the surname Kee, McKee, and their Soundex equivalents like Gee, McGee, etc.. In a successful attempt to verify the line, selected males took the Y-DNA test. It was found that a very large percentage of testees with similar DNA matched members of the genealogical pedigree, indicating a probable origin in lowland Scotland, with later migrations to Ulster, to Canada and to America (Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina and Virginia). All DNA testees cluster together on a dated phylogenetic tree shown in the paper at:
Many of the McKee Group have been found to be of the M222+ SNP and at the web site of John McLaughlin, who is an Administrator for the FTDNA R-M222 Group, those looking to learn more about R-M222 can check out John's work at:
Oct 31 2011 kit# N64222 shared the following email:
I had a look at the latest postings (ie. more variance in Scottish M222+ persons therefore perhaps older or more direct tie to the initial
M222 man) with the further suggestion that M222 migrated from Ireland to Scotland relatively early on to explain this finding.
It is perhaps time to remind myself again that the Macaoidh legend had 2 brothers being forced from northern Ireland to northern Scotland
after an unsuccessful power struggle. This would be entirely consistent with the data as I understand them. And, a further piece of support
for the notion that the legends are not entirely made up aggrandizing fictions.
Here is the important part: "Descended from the Pictish Royal House of MacEth, the progenitor of the clan is Iye (MacEth), grandson of Earl
of Ross, raised to Chiefship in 1250.
Iye in Gaelic is AOIDH,meaning "fire" and anglicized as "ay" or "y" and pronounced"eye" - hence Mackay is properly pronounced "mhuc eye"
not "mah kaay".
His people were originally from Ireland, following two brothers deported after battle loss for kingship in 335 A.D.These Moray men were
dispersed principally north to Strathnaver Region by order of King Malcolm IV in 1160 who defeated Malcolm MacEth, Earl of Ross whose
daughter Gormalth married the Norse Harold, Earl of Caithness. Argyll Mackays, linked with House of Strachnaver, fled south.
Similarly, McGhies of Galloway.
Mackays became famous for strength, courage and skill in soldiering and were involved in endless Clan battles against Keiths, Rosses, Gunns,
Sinclairs, Sutherlands and others, and wars abroad. Donald, son of Iye Mor, married the daughter of Iye, son of Neil of Gilgha of Kintyre
and supported Bruce at Bannockburn in 1314. In 1329, Robert the Bruce gave lands in Kintyre to Gilchrist McCay for service of archers.
Mackies of Largs received a land charter from Bruce in Kirkcudbright."
May 21, 2010
We now have an external website that will allow for increased sharing of ancestry across group members. Please visit the site at
and consider creating a profile and adding your information. We have also started a spreadsheet of common ancestors, linked to from that site, that should help in cluster analysis. Also posted is some great analysis performed by group members Bill Howard and John McKee.
July 15, 2008
Brief update - welcome to the new arrivals, and we now have a number of sub-groups - the previously mentioned subgroup of a number of folks quite closely related, with some tracing back to the Carolinas and hints at having initially settled in Pennsylvania. Another for two Kies and one McKee (myself, actually) who share some other common matching markers, and hail from neighboring counties - Tyrone and Cavan, in Ireland, though one came via Boston in pre-revolutionary days, and may actually hail from Scotland. Furthermore, another two individuals have closely matching markers, and hail from South Carolina, with potential links to County Donegal, in Ireland. Finally, two Mackey / MacKey members have closely matching profiles.
More to come - perhaps with a few more results we can see if we can further subdivide the McKee - Key group into other distinct groupings. Hope everyone is enjoying their summer!
Dec 19, 2007
Update: I have made a subgroup of one cluster that seem to have closely matched markers, including two individuals with near-certainty of being related sometime in the recent past. So it looks like we have one match! I've also invited some more McKees / Mackeys through ysearch to join the group, to see if we can get more group members. We'll see how it goes. Happy holidays everyone!
To do: Would be nice to add more interactive features to the McKee group homepage: I would like to add features related to family migration routes, and more details of the McKee name in pre-colonial history, i.e. in Scotland and Ireland. Other suggestions welcome.