Arterburn DNA Project
Family Tree DNA (FTDNA): Frequently Asked Questions
International Society of Genetic Genealogy (ISOGG)
ISOGG: What You Need to Know About Genetic Genealogy
USDOE/NIH: Human Genome Project
National Geographic Society: Genographic Project
The ARTERBURN Haplogroup (SNP) as currently defined and confirmed:
R1a1a1b2a2a (R-M207 M173 SRY10831.2 M198 M417
Z93 L342.2 Z2123)
Z93, L342, and Z2123—the most recently occurring (historically)
SNPs that identify the ARTERBURN Y-Haplogroup, have matched us
with the test results of individuals—distant genetic relatives—who
have longstanding family roots in South Asia, including the sub-
continent of India. These results are also in accord with the several
and independent strands of documentary evidence indicating an
"East Indian" (patrilineal) ancestry for Peter Arterburn found in
Tennessee, Kentucky, Virginia, and Maryland (see also "Background"
and "News" pages, and "R1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA Project"
FTDNA's "Y-DNA Results" chart pages of our project do not display
the most recently confirmed (in green) Haplogroup for ARTERBURN.
See the links for ISOGG Tree for Haplogroup R and R1a1a and Subclades
Y-DNA Project charts below, which are current. FTDNA does display
the results of all SNPs tested for ARTERBURN on our project's SNP page.
Since the Haplogroup (SNP) of William's descendant(s) will remain
identical to that of Peter's descendant, testing of only one Y-DNA
sample—that of Peter's descendant (of his son, James)—will be
necessary in the future for discovering a new SNP(s) that would
identify a new subclade(s), which would define with even greater
precision the ARTERBURN Haplogroup. As more people who share
our Haplogroup are tested and as SNPs increasingly become identified
with geographic regions or locales, we may be able to more accurately
pinpoint the Old World home(s) of our ARTERBURN ancestors.
ISOGG: Y-DNA Tree for Haplogroup R
FTDNA: R1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA Project
(Search/Find "Arterburn" on either Chart below—first change page size
at top of page to 5000)
Y-DNA Results Chart (Classic)
Y-DNA Results Chart (Colorized)
FTDNA: Other Projects That Include ARTERBURN Y-DNA Results
Y-DNA Results Chart (R1a and All Subclades Y-Chromosome Haplogroup Project)
Y-DNA Results Chart (India Subcontinent DNA Project)
Genetic Genealogy Community Forums:
Forums Search Page
The ARTERBURN Haplotype (STR) was identified and established by
the match of 34 of 37 STR markers of the Y-DNA of three documented
descendants. Three (3) one-step mutations (i.e., "genetic distance" of
three) among descendants that are 7-8 generations removed from William
and Peter, which occurred with markers known to be more volatile and
subject to change in comparison with other markers, is considered normal.
As many as two (2) STR mutations (i.e., genetic distance of two) have
been known to occur from just one generation to the next, or between a
father and son. These more volatile markers serve useful purposes for
genetic genealogists, such as an indicator and measure of branching
within family lines.
The Y-DNA test panel of Peter's descendant (#67603) has been expanded
to 67 markers, which will improve the accuracy of future matches for
discovering our nearest genetic relatives, whether from before or after
the era of surnames began.
Statistically and for the purposes of our project, these results are
sufficient for determining our Haplotype even though further such
mutations might be uncovered if additional descendants were tested,
resulting in a slightly different modal Haplotype.
Wikipedia: Haplogroup R-M17/M198
Eupedia: Haplogroup R1a
Wikipedia: Genetics and Archaeogenetics of South Asia
Jestes/Native Heritage Project: East India Indians in Early Colonial Records
Heinegg: East India Indians in Colonial Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina
Assisi/SPAN: South Asians in Colonial America
Wikipedia: East India Company (British)
ABC News: (East India) Indian Ancestry of Princess Diana
CNN: Miss America Crowns First Winner of [East] Indian Descent
Frontline: Blurred Racial Lines of Famous Families
Wikipedia: Historic Migrations Across Eurasia
Kerchner: Colonial USA Deutsch Ethnic Group Anthrogenealogy Research Project