mt haplogroup U5
has been estimated to be around 36,000 years old (within an uncertainty range of 25,000 to 47,000 years old) and was among the first modern humans to populate Europe. Ancient DNA tests have shown that U5 was frequently found in hunter gatherers in Europe before the development of agriculture. Branches of the U5 tree and the mutations that identify each branch can be seen at Phylotree.org
The U5 Projects
The main U5 project is meant to be the home of all who have tested as mtDNA haplogroup U5, or any of its subclades. There are also special sub-projects for those who have taken the mitochondrial DNA full genomic sequence (FGS, also known as FMS) test. These FMS projects are dedicated to discovering new U5 subclades and mapping geographic migration patterns. When you receive your FMS results you are added to the appropriate subgroup by a member of the project team. Members of the FGS projects should also remain members of this U5 General Project as well.
: If you have completed the FGS test Please consider sharing your FGS coding region results
with the project administrators. The coding region results are not shown on the project page and will not be made public, and by default they are also hidden from the project administrators. The coding region results are essential for identifying your lowest level daughter group, for estimating the age of each daughter group, for identifying new daughter groups and for filling in the fine details on the U5 tree. To share your coding region results with the project administrators:
1. log into your FTDNA account, click on the tab "My Account" and select "Results Display Settings".
2. check the circle next to “Yes” for "Show my mtDNA Coding Region Mutations to Administrators of these Projects" for the U5 and U5a or U5b FGS projects.
To provide the best help for all U5-members to learn and understand as much as possible about their subclade.
* for the U5 general project: to add HVR1/HVR2-testers to their tentative groups, and thus give advice about further testing for those who are interested
* encourage more research for U5 FGS-results, so we all can learn more.
* encourage and help those interested in donating their FGS-sequences to GenBank, to be accessible to researchers all over the world
* maintain the best level of privacy for our members, at the same time as we try to learn from each other's results
Because of the large size of the U5 project (over 1,000 members and growing) we have two administrators to organize the results:
- Gail is working on U5a
- Anne is working on U5b
If you have questions about your haplogroup please email one of the administrators at the addresses above or email Gail for general questions about the project.
mtDNA is inherited strictly through the direct maternal line. To learn more about the origins of the various subclades of U5, it is important that all U5-members fill in their ancestral information under Plot Ancestral Location
. Enter full name, appr years of birth/death, place, county and country. If unknown because of adoptions or other, please explain under "maternal ancestor" in "User Preferences". Also note that your direct maternal ancestor
is the name of your mother's mother's mother etc - it is always a woman
. Please also plot the location of this direct maternal ancestor on the map.
If you have genealogy software on your computer, it is easy to generate a GEDCOM-file with your direct ancestors. This can be uploaded to your account, and will be visible to your matches.
An informative animation video
made by the Sorenson Foundation explains how mtDNA is inherited from your mother only, and follows the direct maternal line.
Beginner? A lot of questions?
You can start by reading through the information pages here at Family Tree DNA about mtDNA-tests
. You will probably find the answer to a lot of your basic questions.
Connecting to other U5-members
For Facebook members there is an informal mtDNA U5 group
to connect with other U5-people.
To donate to the general fund please
||FMS testing of U5a1a1 members with T152C! and C16294T